Legal Issues News
June 30, 2015

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More Legal Issues News
June 30, 2015

Stuck on You: Research Shows Fingerprint Accuracy Stays the Same Over Time

June 29, 2015 — Fingerprints have been used by law enforcement and forensics experts to successfully identify people for more than 100 years. Though fingerprints are assumed to be infallible personal identifiers, ... read more

New Way of Understanding Police Authority, Power

June 25, 2015 — The police aim at maintaining law and order and social peace, and to achieve it they can make use of authority and power in a coercive way, through repression, prohibition or control, but they can ... read more

Federal Agencies Lose Track of Endangered Species Protection Measures, Research Finds

June 18, 2015 — A researcher has found significant gaps in how public agencies keep track of endangered species agreements. These findings demonstrate key concerns with monitoring and enforcement of endangered ... read more

'Broken Windows' Theory of Neighborhood Crime Too Broad to Be Effective

June 17, 2015 — Traditional signals for opportunities for crime may not be representative of the whole neighborhood, a new study concludes. By understanding how opportunities for crime and criminal behavior exists ... read more

Better Way to Evaluate Conservation Policies Found by Researchers

June 16, 2015 — Protected forested areas in Brazil, Costa Rica, Indonesia and Thailand have prevented the release of more than 1,000 million additional tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, an economic service ... read more

Law Enforcement Officers Should Be Authorized to Administer Naloxone

June 15, 2015 — One way to reduce the nation's number of opioid-related deaths, states an American drug policy expert, is through the timely administration of naloxone, the life-saving overdose antidote. New ... read more

Processing Arrested Juveniles as Adults Has Small Effect on Their Recidivism

June 9, 2015 — Researchers have found a three to five percent reduction in the probability of criminal recidivism among a sample of juveniles arrested for felony drug offenses, some of whom were processed as adults ... read more

Black Athletes Stereotyped Negatively in Media Compared to White Athletes

June 2, 2015 — New research has revealed racial stereotyping in the way media portray athletes. Researchers found that media stories on African-American athletes focus primarily on criminal actions while stories ... read more

Interpersonal Conflict Is the Strongest Predictor of Community Crime and Misconduct

June 2, 2015 — Neighborhoods with more interpersonal conflict, such as domestic violence and landlord/tenet disputes, see more serious crime according to a new study. Private conflict was a better predictor of ... read more

Online Gambling Would Benefit from Better Regulation

June 1, 2015 — The US government's attempt to crack down on Internet gambling is widely seen as a convoluted mess. Yet, more controlled and defined regulation would likely benefit the $41 billion industry and ... read more

Political Science Study Debunks Idea of Public Opinion Backlash

June 1, 2015 — Does putting same-sex marriage in the public spotlight impede future policy gains for gay and lesbian couples? A new study says no, contrary to previous research on the ... read more

News May Influence Racial Bias

May 28, 2015 — A recent study suggests that long-term exposure to news may negatively influence racial bias towards social ... read more

Health Factors Influence Ex-Prisoners' Chances of Returning to Jail

May 28, 2015 — Ex-prisoners with a history of risky drug use, mental illness or poverty are more likely to end up back behind bars. Those who are obese, are chronically ill or have attempted suicide are more likely ... read more

Pangolin Trade: Experts Urge Reforms to CITES

May 28, 2015 — New research by conservationists suggests that in order to manage trade-threatened species more effectively the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora needs ... read more

Gun Violence Restraining Orders: A Promising Strategy to Reduce Gun Violence in U.S.

May 20, 2015 — Gun violence restraining orders (GVROs) are a promising strategy for reducing firearm homicide and suicide in the United States, and should be considered by states seeking to address gun violence, ... read more

Study Identifies Barriers to Intimate Partner Violence Services

May 19, 2015 — Texas has a shortage of beds for survivors of intimate partner violence, and although alternatives may be offered, survivors may find themselves isolated from much-needed services, such as crisis ... read more

Nudge, Don't Judge, Shoplifters

May 19, 2015 — Specially designed shopping centers geared at encouraging shoplifters to think twice before they commit a crime are the way forward, according to ... read more

Those Who Believe in Pure Evil Support More Harsh Criminal Punishments, Study Finds

May 14, 2015 — People who believe in pure evil are more likely support sentences such as life in prison without parole and the death penalty for criminals, a psychology study finds. The researchers added that ... read more

Measures of Students' 'Non-Cognitive' Skills for Teacher Evaluation, School Accountability, or Student Diagnosis

May 13, 2015 — Policymakers and practitioners have grown increasingly interested in measures of personal qualities other than cognitive ability--including self-control, grit, growth mindset, gratitude, purpose, ... read more

'Coolness' Motivates Young Suburban Drug Dealers Who Quit to Avoid Problems

May 11, 2015 — Young, white suburban drug dealers and stereotypical urban dealers are motivated to sell drugs for the same reason – to be “cool,” but when suburban dealers are exposed to extreme violence or ... read more

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