Legal Issues News
November 25, 2015

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November 25, 2015

Marked Decline in Retailer Compliance After Enactment of NYC's Tobacco 21 Law

Nov. 20, 2015 — In a study examining compliance with NYC's law increasing legal age for purchasing cigarettes from 18 to 21, researchers found retailer compliance with ID checks significantly decreased since ... read more

Gunshot Survivors in High-Crime Community Face Elevated Risk of Early Death, Study Shows

Nov. 18, 2015 — One in 20 survivors of gunshot violence in an urban area with high crime died within five years, mainly by homicide, according to the results of a study that tracked patients after they had been ... read more

Houston-Galveston Region Could Be Better Protected from Impact of Hurricanes and Severe Storms

Nov. 13, 2015 — New structural and nonstructural solutions could better protect the Houston-Galveston region from the impact of hurricanes and severe storms, according to a research paper by energy, engineering and ... read more

Study Cites Gap Between Theory and Practice in Natural Resource Management

Nov. 11, 2015 — Natural resource agencies have embraced an approach known as adaptive management to adjust and refine their management plans in the face of uncertainties. But a study finds agencies often apply ... read more

Movies as a Tool to Assess Acceptability of Intimate Partner Violence

Nov. 9, 2015 — A new study uses passages from movies to analyze the acceptability of violence against women in couple relationships. Intimate partner violence against women by their male partners is a widespread ... read more

Nov. 5, 2015 — A group of scientists has developed a three-point plan to ensure the world's protected areas meet new biodiversity targets set by the 193 signatory nations of the Convention on Biological ... read more

Oct. 23, 2015 — A potential rival to the storied forensics tool luminol has emerged. Researchers show that using a hand steamer in combination with thermal imaging, a visualization technique they term "steam ... read more

Genetic Defense for Violent Crimes Could Backfire for Defendants

Oct. 21, 2015 — As genetic evidence plays a larger role in the judicial system, psychology research is finding that genetic information is perceived in biased ways. A new study included three experiments with a ... read more

Fish Story: Analysts See Nations' Misuse of 'Rational Use' When It Comes to Fishing Rights

Oct. 21, 2015 — The term "rational use," as applied to fishing rights in Antarctic waters, has been misused by certain countries, an analysis by a team of researchers has ... read more

Oct. 19, 2015 — Larger protected areas, especially those in high population density regions, are more likely to undergo a downgrading, downsizing and degazettement (PADDD) event, suggests a new study. Protected ... read more

Search Engine for More Accurate, Fast Recognition of Metabolites

Oct. 1, 2015 — Metabolites are small molecules, such as sugars, fatty acids and amino acids that, among other things, serve as sources of energy in the cells and as building materials for cell walls. For ... read more

Ballistics Imaging Systems Effective With Good Management

Oct. 1, 2015 — During a homicide epidemic in Trinidad and Tobago driven mainly by guns, the developing country had forensic ballistics imaging technology, but faced problems effectively using it to solve crimes, ... read more

Divorcing Drugs and Violence Is Key to Saving U.S. Drug Policy, Research Shows

Oct. 1, 2015 — New research is being used in public policy discussions surrounding changes to mandatory minimum sentences involving nonviolent drug offenders through the Smarter Sentencing ... read more

New Methods for Collecting Forensic DNA to Combat Sexual Violence in Conflict

Sep. 29, 2015 — A new project aims to empower victims and support prosecutions in cases of sexual violence in conflict zones. The project will explore new methods for collecting forensic DNA evidence in cases of ... read more

Increased Internet Access Led to a Rise in Racial Hate Crimes in the Early 2000s

Sep. 28, 2015 — Broadband availability increased the incidence of racial hate crimes committed by lone-wolf perpetrators in the United States during the period 2001-2008, new research concludes. The addition of a ... read more

New Research Into Completers, Non-Completers of Offending Behaviour Programs Could Have Implications for Practice

Sep. 28, 2015 — A new study has highlighted the importance of ensuring high-risk and impulsive offenders complete rehabilitation programs and that some offenders require extra support to engage with the ... read more

Legal Drinking Age of 18 Tied to High School Dropout Rate

Sep. 28, 2015 — Although there have been calls to lower the legal drinking age from 21, a new study raises the possibility that it could have the unintended effect of boosting the high school dropout ... read more

Immigrants Come to Resemble Native-Born Americans Over Time, but Integration Not Always Link

Sep. 21, 2015 — As immigrants and their descendants become integrated into US society, many aspects of their lives improve, including measurable outcomes such as educational attainment, occupational distribution, ... read more

Public Health Must Be Top Priority If Cannabis Is Legalized in Canada

Sep. 21, 2015 — If Canada's new government decides to legalize cannabis, public health must be the top priority to prevent commercialization and promotion by 'Big Cannabis' and subsequent possible ... read more

Link Between the Economy, Crime Rates Has Broken Down, New Research Finds

Sep. 21, 2015 — The assumption that rising unemployment, leads to rising crime in the UK, is being challenged by new research. The study has found that the relationship between the economy and crime rates has varied ... read more

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