Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Children With AD/HD Have Related Functional Disabilities

Date:
June 6, 1997
Source:
Johns Hopkins Children's Center
Summary:
Children with attention-deficit disorder have as much functional disability as children with mild mental retardation, and are not merely exhibiting "inconvenient" behavior.

WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Pediatric researchers from the University at Buffalo and Children's Hospital of Buffalo have shown that children diagnosed withattention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) have as much functional disability as children with mild mental retardation and are not merely exhibiting "inconvenient" behavior.

Related Articles



Results of the study were presented here last month at the annual meeting of the Society for Pediatric Research.


Using a standard developed at UB for use by the developmental and rehabilitation medicine community to assess a patient's needs for rehabilitation services, the researchers determined that most of the 43 children in their preliminary study were significantly less able to care for themselves, recognize appropriate social behavior and communicate than children of similar age who were not diagnosed with the disorder.


"When we applied this standard measure of disability to these children, we found that children who get referred for hyperactivity have high levels of documentable needs and require a lot more help than other children their age," said Thomas M. Lock, M.D., who presented the results. Lock is UB clinical assistant professor of pediatrics and associate medical director of the Robert Warner Rehabilitation Center at Children's Hospital of Buffalo.


Lock said the results could have significant impact now because, as of this month, children diagnosed with attention deficit disorder who routinely have been receiving federal Supplementary Security Income funds must demonstrate they are truly disabled.


Considerable controversy exists within the medical and education communities about whether AD/HD is a disability or a behavioral problem. Diagnosis of the disorder occurs most often in school-age children and usually is precipitated by disruptive classroom demeanor.


Lock and colleagues felt that if functional deficits of children with AD/HD could be documented outside of school, the results would support the hypothesis that the disorder is, in fact, a disability. To accomplish this, they used an assessment tool called the Wee-FIM.


The Functional Independence Measure, or FIM scale, was developed by the UB Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and has been adopted universally as a standard measure to characterize the level of adult disability and to direct treatment. The Wee-FIM has been standardized for children. It contains measures for self-care, bowel and bladder control, mobility, communication and social cognition.


The 43 children assessed were found to have lower than normal Wee-FIM scores overall, and to show significant deficits in self-care, social cognition and communication. There also was a correlation between inattention symptoms reported by parents and the self-care and social cognition deficits characterized by the Wee-FIM.


"These results confirm that young children with AD/HD have functional deficits in both self-care skills and social skills and that these deficits are related more closely to inattention than disruptive behaviors, age or IQ," Lock said. "The study should shed light on the public debate about whether these children are disabled or whether their families are playing the system for benefits."


If these functional deficits can be confirmed in a broader study, they should be the focus of treatments in children with AD/HD, Lock stated.


Other researchers involved in the study were Nadine L. Duchan, Sue E. Olexenko, and Michael E. Msall, of the UB Department of Pediatrics. The study was sponsored in part by the Children's Guild of Buffalo.



Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins Children's Center. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Johns Hopkins Children's Center. "Children With AD/HD Have Related Functional Disabilities." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 June 1997. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1997/06/970606121130.htm>.
Johns Hopkins Children's Center. (1997, June 6). Children With AD/HD Have Related Functional Disabilities. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 26, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1997/06/970606121130.htm
Johns Hopkins Children's Center. "Children With AD/HD Have Related Functional Disabilities." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1997/06/970606121130.htm (accessed November 26, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

From Popcorn To Vending Snacks: FDA Ups Calorie Count Rules

From Popcorn To Vending Snacks: FDA Ups Calorie Count Rules

Newsy (Nov. 25, 2014) — The US FDA is announcing new calorie rules on Tuesday that will require everywhere from theaters to vending machines to include calorie counts. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Daily Serving Of Yogurt Could Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Daily Serving Of Yogurt Could Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Newsy (Nov. 25, 2014) — Need another reason to eat yogurt every day? Researchers now say it could reduce a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Madagascar Working to Contain Plague Outbreak

Madagascar Working to Contain Plague Outbreak

AFP (Nov. 24, 2014) — Madagascar said Monday it is trying to contain an outbreak of plague -- similar to the Black Death that swept Medieval Europe -- that has killed 40 people and is spreading to the capital Antananarivo. Duration: 00:42 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Are Female Bosses More Likely To Be Depressed?

Are Female Bosses More Likely To Be Depressed?

Newsy (Nov. 24, 2014) — A new study links greater authority with increased depressive symptoms among women in the workplace. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins