Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

El Niño Increases Diarrheal Disease Incidence By 200%

Date:
February 7, 2000
Source:
Child Health Research Project
Summary:
The El Niño phenomenon -- the warming of the equatorial Pacific ocean which occurs every two to seven years -- has been linked to outbreaks of dengue, malaria, and cholera. Now, researchers from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, A.B. Prisma, and the Instituto Nacional de Salud in Lima, Peru have found that the 1997-1998 El Niño season increased diarrheal disease admissions by 200%.

The El Niño phenomenon -- the warming of the equatorial Pacific ocean which occurs every two to seven years -- has been linked to outbreaks of dengue, malaria, and cholera. Now, researchers from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, A.B. Prisma, and the Instituto Nacional de Salud in Lima, Peru have found that the 1997-1998 El Niño season increased diarrheal disease admissions by 200%, according to a study to be published in the Feb. 5th issue of The Lancet.

A team of scientists led by William Checkley examined diarrheal disease admissions records for over 57,000 children from 1993-1998, and found an increase of admissions during the El Niño season significantly above the normal expected admissions. The increase in admissions was particularly strong during Peru's winter months (May-November). The results are cause for significant public health concern since diarrhea causes one billion episodes and three million deaths annually in children under five worldwide.

The researchers estimate that diarrheal disease admissions increased by more than 8% with every 1 degree C. rise in temperature -- results which will potentially increase diarrheal disease cases by millions worldwide with each degree of increase in ambient temperature due to global warming or other local factors. Further studies, also funded by USAID through Harvard's Applied Research on Child Health (ARCH) Project are underway which examine the effects of El Niño on human health.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Child Health Research Project. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Child Health Research Project. "El Niño Increases Diarrheal Disease Incidence By 200%." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 February 2000. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/02/000207071624.htm>.
Child Health Research Project. (2000, February 7). El Niño Increases Diarrheal Disease Incidence By 200%. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/02/000207071624.htm
Child Health Research Project. "El Niño Increases Diarrheal Disease Incidence By 200%." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/02/000207071624.htm (accessed July 22, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Courts Conflicted Over Healthcare Law

Courts Conflicted Over Healthcare Law

AP (July 22, 2014) — Two federal appeals courts issued conflicting rulings Tuesday on the legality of the federally-run healthcare exchange that operates in 36 states. (July 22) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Newsy (July 22, 2014) — The new sci-fi thriller "Lucy" is making people question whether we really use all our brainpower. But, as scientists have insisted for years, we do. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Newsy (July 22, 2014) — Boston scientists have discovered a new way to create fully functioning human platelets using a bioreactor and human stem cells. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

TheStreet (July 21, 2014) — New research shows Gilead Science's drug Sovaldi helps in curing hepatitis C in those who suffer from HIV. In a medical study, the combination of Gilead's Hep C drug with anti-viral drug Ribavirin cured 76% of HIV-positive patients suffering from the most common hepatitis C strain. Hepatitis C and related complications have been a top cause of death in HIV-positive patients. Typical medication used to treat the disease, including interferon proteins, tended to react badly with HIV drugs. However, Sovaldi's %1,000-a-pill price tag could limit the number of patients able to access the treatment. TheStreet's Keris Lahiff reports from New York. Video provided by TheStreet
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins