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Powerful Laser Could Revolutionize Cancer Treatment

Date:
June 30, 2004
Source:
University Of Michigan
Summary:
University of Michigan researchers recently produced what is believed to be the highest-intensity laser pulse ever obtained. The U-M-built laser, called High Energy Repetitive CUos Laser System (HERCULES), is so compact and intense that it could revolutionize the way cancer is treated, researchers say.

ANN ARBOR, Mich. -- University of Michigan researchers recently produced what is believed to be the highest-intensity laser pulse ever obtained. The U-M-built laser, called High Energy Repetitive CUos Laser System (HERCULES), is so compact and intense that it could revolutionize the way cancer is treated, researchers say.

The ultra-fast laser pulse generated by HERCULES is 50 times more powerful than all the world's power plants combined, said Gerard Mourou, professor and director of the Center for Ultrafast Optical Science in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

Besides basic research, an important practical application for the laser is ion therapy used to treat cancer patients. Ion therapy is successful, but the particle accelerators used for the treatment are so big and expensive---because they must generate huge amounts of power---that they render the treatment unavailable to the public.

This new type of laser-based accelerator relies on the increased speed of the particle by the enormous electric field of the laser accelerator, which is one million times larger than conventional ones. U-M's laser can be used in compact particle accelerators, which would make the ion therapy more affordable and accessible. Now, only a handful of locations worldwide offer the ion therapy, said Victor Yanovsky, assistant research scientist who designed the HERCULES laser.

Ion therapy is the preferred method to treat cancer because it causes minimal collateral damage to neighboring tissues unlike say, radiation therapy, which damages healthy as well as diseased areas.

The powerful, compact lasers use short pulses. The laser pulse developed at U-M lasts only 30 femtoseconds, the time it takes for light to travel the distance of a blood cell. The pulse was focused on an area 1 1/100th of the width of a hair. U-M researchers announced the development at the 2004 Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference in San Francisco in late May.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University Of Michigan. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University Of Michigan. "Powerful Laser Could Revolutionize Cancer Treatment." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 June 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/06/040630090606.htm>.
University Of Michigan. (2004, June 30). Powerful Laser Could Revolutionize Cancer Treatment. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/06/040630090606.htm
University Of Michigan. "Powerful Laser Could Revolutionize Cancer Treatment." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/06/040630090606.htm (accessed April 25, 2014).

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