Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Would Boosting The Oxytocin System Lead To Longer Breast-feeding?

Date:
August 18, 2005
Source:
American Physiological Society
Summary:
The benefits of breastfeeding infants over giving them formula are well-known. But a baby's slow weight gain and growth rate is a major reason many women stop. University of Utah researchers found that blocking central OT receptors in the pregnant females' brain reduced their offspring's growth from the third day after birth through their two-week experiment. They're now seeking ways to boost efficiency of the oxytocin system.

STEAMBOAT SPRINGS, Colorado (July 19, 2005) -- There's littlecontroversy about the benefits of breastfeeding infants over givingthem formula. Mother's milk is the perfect food, providing exactly thecorrect nourishment for newborns, while protecting them from manyillnesses.

Related Articles


There also are good economic and maternal health reasons that wouldseem to make a compelling case for breastfeeding for the six-to-12months recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

"However one major reason why women stop breastfeeding is lowweight gain and growth rate of their baby," Steven L. Bealer of theUniversity of Utah points out. His team of researchers decided to findout what factors might cause low weight gain.

They studied how blocking the oxytocin (OT) hormonal system,which serves several functions in the birth process and milk deliveryduring nursing (lactation), would affect offspring during and afterbirth. They found that if the central OT receptors in the pregnantfemales' brain are blocked during pregnancy, then their offspring'sgrowth was reduced from the third day after birth through the two-weekexperiment.

Interestingly, the actual delivery itself wasn't affected norwas the number of "pups" in each litter. Even the delivery weights ofthe test females' offspring was the same as "control dams" pups'delivery weights.

A blocked OT system reduces post-natal weight gains

However what they did find was that in the mothers with blockedOT systems, the initial release of OT following the onset of pupssuckling was significantly delayed compared to untreated females."Finally, litter weight gain during a three-hour suckling period wassignificantly smaller in pups nursing dams that were treated with OTreceptor blocker during gestation," Bealer reports.

"What we learned is that OT receptor stimulation duringgestation is necessary for normal OT responsiveness and consequentlyfor normal pup development during lactation," Bealer notes. "Moreefficient and longer lasting breastfeeding results in better humanhealth throughout life," he adds, "so if the efficiency of the oxytocinsystem can be improved, perhaps it will encourage mothers to lengthenhow long they breast feed their children."

Bealer is presenting at the American Physiological Society's2005 Conference, "Neurohypophyseal Hormones: From Genomics andPhysiology to Disease," and the latest developments toward clinicalapplications, July 16-20 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado.

He also is participating in the symposium, "Central controllactation," chaired by Bill Armstrong of the University of TennesseeSchool of Medicine, and Glenn Hatton, University of California,Riverside.

###

"Central oxytocin receptor blockade during gestation alters oxytocinrelease and pup development during lactation." Steven L. Bealer,William R. Crowley, David L. Lipschitz, University of Utah. Funded byU.S. Public Health Service grants.



Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Physiological Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Physiological Society. "Would Boosting The Oxytocin System Lead To Longer Breast-feeding?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 August 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/08/050814175436.htm>.
American Physiological Society. (2005, August 18). Would Boosting The Oxytocin System Lead To Longer Breast-feeding?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/08/050814175436.htm
American Physiological Society. "Would Boosting The Oxytocin System Lead To Longer Breast-feeding?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/08/050814175436.htm (accessed December 20, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, December 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) It's hard to resist those delicious but fattening carbs we all crave during the winter months, but there are some ways to stay satisfied without consuming the extra calories. Vanessa Freeman (@VanessaFreeTV) has the details. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) More than 100 motorcyclists hit the road to spread awareness messages about Ebola. Nearly 7,000 people have now died from the virus, almost all of them in west Africa, according to the World Health Organization. Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) In Yarumal, a village in N. Colombia, Alzheimer's has ravaged a disproportionately large number of families. A genetic "curse" that may pave the way for research on how to treat the disease that claims a new victim every four seconds. Duration: 02:42 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Best Protein-Filled Foods to Energize You for the New Year

The Best Protein-Filled Foods to Energize You for the New Year

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) The new year is coming and nothing will energize you more for 2015 than protein-filled foods. Fitness and nutrition expert John Basedow (@JohnBasedow) gives his favorite high protein foods that will help you build muscle, lose fat and have endless energy. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins