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Teens Can Perform CPR As Well As Adults And Should Be Taught From An Early Age

Date:
April 27, 2007
Source:
BMJ-British Medical Journal
Summary:
Thirteen year olds can perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as well as adults, finds a new study. The authors suggest that children as young as nine years old should be taught CPR skills including chest compressions.

Thirteen year olds can perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as well as adults, finds a study published on bmj.com today. The authors suggest that children as young as nine years old should be taught CPR skills including chest compressions.

Bystander CPR more than doubles the chance of survival for victims of sudden cardiac arrest. Chest compressions are thought to be the most important component of CPR, but they are physically demanding.

The 'Heartstart Schools' training programme, developed by the British Heart Foundation, introduces chest compression at age 11, but the age at which children can perform effective chest compressions is not known. So researchers in Cardiff, Wales investigated when children can provide effective chest compressions.

Children in three school year groups (ages 9-14) were taught basic life support as part of the Heartstart programme. The effectiveness of chest compressions was assessed during three minute's continuous chest compression on a manikin.

No year 5 pupil (age 9-10) was able to compress the manikin's chest to the depth recommended in guidelines -- one and a half to two inches (38-51mm). Nineteen per cent of pupils in year 7 (age 11-12) and 45 per cent in year 9 (age 13-14) achieved adequate compression depth. Only the 13-14 year olds performed chest compression as well as adults in other studies.

Although the younger children were not strong enough to compress the chest sufficiently, they learned the theory of the technique (correct hand position and correct rate of compressions) just as well as the older children.

This suggests that chest compressions can be introduced early in school CPR training programmes, say the authors.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by BMJ-British Medical Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

BMJ-British Medical Journal. "Teens Can Perform CPR As Well As Adults And Should Be Taught From An Early Age." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 April 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070426214825.htm>.
BMJ-British Medical Journal. (2007, April 27). Teens Can Perform CPR As Well As Adults And Should Be Taught From An Early Age. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070426214825.htm
BMJ-British Medical Journal. "Teens Can Perform CPR As Well As Adults And Should Be Taught From An Early Age." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070426214825.htm (accessed October 22, 2014).

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