Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Do Medications Help Young ADHD Drivers Ignore Real World Distractions?

Date:
May 3, 2007
Source:
University of Virginia Health System
Summary:
When a song on the radio or the cell phone on the car seat next to a young driver beckon, she may not resist the temptation to turn up the dial or take a call while maneuvering in traffic. Such distractions could lead to a car crash, especially for young drivers with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).As a group, young ADHD drivers are two to four times more likely to have a car accident than non-ADHD drivers. Scientists are aiming at improving those odds.

When a song on the radio or the cell phone on the car seat next to a young driver beckon, she may not resist the temptation to turn up the dial or take a call while maneuvering in traffic. Such distractions could lead to a car crash, especially for young drivers with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

As a group, young ADHD drivers are two to four times more likely to have a car accident than non-ADHD drivers. Daniel Cox, Ph.D., professor of psychiatry and neurosciences at the University of Virginia Health System, has conducted research aimed at improving those odds. His team's newest study will look at the effects of methylphenidate (MPH), a controlled-release stimulant, on young ADHD drivers facing real-life distractions.

"In controlled laboratory studies, there are no cell phones, no pressures to get home before curfew, no passengers encouraging the driver to ‘get air,' no pets that slip from the driver's lap down to the pedals and no hamburger dripping with mustard in the driver's right hand," said Cox. "This, however, is real world driving.We want to investigate the benefits of medication in the context of such real world distractions and demands."

This research team's past studies have compared long- acting MPH to extended-release amphetamine salts and found that MPH is more effective in helping young ADHD drivers pay attention and have fewer driving mishaps while on the road. A second study Cox's team completed showed that ADHD young drivers fare better when driving cars with manual transmissions rather than automatic transmissions. In this latest study, funded by Shire Pharmaceuticals, Cox's team hopes to determine the benefits of MPH during routine, daily driving.

In the study, driver performance will be measured using a device called DriveCam. This video system will be mounted inside the vehicle and will measure and record all audio visual signals. When there is a marked change in driving force, DriveCam will store the 10 seconds before the change and the 20 seconds following the change. The study will last six months. For three months of the study, participants will receive MPH administered through a patch.

"We think that the drivers will perform better on the MPH patch than without the medication, even in light of real world situations," Cox said. "This information will help young ADHD drivers decide what approach may be best."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Virginia Health System. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Virginia Health System. "Do Medications Help Young ADHD Drivers Ignore Real World Distractions?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 May 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070503111225.htm>.
University of Virginia Health System. (2007, May 3). Do Medications Help Young ADHD Drivers Ignore Real World Distractions?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070503111225.htm
University of Virginia Health System. "Do Medications Help Young ADHD Drivers Ignore Real World Distractions?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070503111225.htm (accessed April 24, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, April 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Big Pharma Braces for M&A Wave

Big Pharma Braces for M&A Wave

Reuters - Business Video Online (Apr. 22, 2014) Big pharma on the move as Novartis boss, Joe Jimenez, tells Reuters about plans to transform his company via an asset exchange with GSK, and Astra Zeneca shares surge on speculation that Pfizer is looking for a takeover. Joanna Partridge reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Study Says Most Crime Not Linked To Mental Illness

Study Says Most Crime Not Linked To Mental Illness

Newsy (Apr. 22, 2014) A new study finds most crimes committed by people with mental illness are not caused by symptoms of their illness or disorder. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Hagel Gets Preview of New High-Tech Projects

Hagel Gets Preview of New High-Tech Projects

AP (Apr. 22, 2014) Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel is given hands-on demonstrations Tuesday of some of the newest research from DARPA _ the military's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency program. (April 22) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Smaller Plates And Cutlery Could Make You Feel Fuller

How Smaller Plates And Cutlery Could Make You Feel Fuller

Newsy (Apr. 22, 2014) NBC's "Today" conducted an experiment to see if changing the size of plates and utensils affects the amount individuals eat. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins