Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Despite Their Safety, IUDs Are Underused In Developed Countries, Expert Says

Date:
September 5, 2007
Source:
British Medical Journal
Summary:
Misconceptions around intrauterine contraceptive devices mean that they are underused in developed countries, despite being a safe and effective form of contraception, says a women's health expert. Side effects such as pain and heavy bleeding are common reasons for discontinuing use of an IUD within the first year, but can usually be managed with appropriate pain relief.

Misconceptions around intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs) mean that they are underused in developed countries, despite being a safe and effective form of contraception, says a women's health expert in the British Medical Journal.

IUDs are suitable for most women, are cost effective when continued long term, and can have health benefits beyond contraception, writes Sally Rose, Research Fellow at the University of Otago, New Zealand.

Fertility is restored on their removal, and unlike other forms of contraception their efficacy does not depend on the user's behaviour. Consequently, such devices are an excellent alternative to female sterilisation (which women may later regret) and are a long term alternative to other methods of birth control prone to misuse or failure.

Side effects such as pain and heavy bleeding are common reasons for discontinuing use of an IUD within the first year, but can usually be managed with appropriate pain relief.

Despite this, data shows these devices are underused in developed countries, says the author.

Nearly half of all users are in China, while only 6% of women of reproductive age in the United Kingdom, 4.6% in Australia and New Zealand, and fewer than 1% in the United States use this method of contraception.

Reluctance to offer or use intrauterine devices seems to stem largely from the experience with the Dalkon Shield in the 1970s, she says, which caused pelvic infections that had serious health consequences for many thousands of women.

Legal action against manufacturers of that and other devices led to a sharp decline in the use of all intrauterine contraceptive devices and their subsequent withdrawal from the US market in the 1980s.

Since then, misconceptions based on outdated information have persisted, such as the belief that these devices cause pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.

Evidence from trials suggests there might be a small increased risk in the first 20 days after insertion, but beyond that the risk of upper genital tract infection does not differ from that in non-users, she writes.

Pelvic inflammatory disease is frequently caused by untreated Chlamydia so testing for and treating any infection before inserting a device is recommended clinical practice along with and advice on the use of condoms to protect against sexually transmitted infections.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by British Medical Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

British Medical Journal. "Despite Their Safety, IUDs Are Underused In Developed Countries, Expert Says." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 September 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070831093930.htm>.
British Medical Journal. (2007, September 5). Despite Their Safety, IUDs Are Underused In Developed Countries, Expert Says. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070831093930.htm
British Medical Journal. "Despite Their Safety, IUDs Are Underused In Developed Countries, Expert Says." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070831093930.htm (accessed April 24, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, April 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Deadly Fungus Killing Bats, Spreading in US

Deadly Fungus Killing Bats, Spreading in US

AP (Apr. 24, 2014) A disease that has killed more than six million cave-dwelling bats in the United States is on the move and wildlife biologists are worried. White Nose Syndrome, discovered in New York in 2006, has now spread to 25 states. (April 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Companies Ramp Up Wellness to Lower Health Costs

Companies Ramp Up Wellness to Lower Health Costs

AP (Apr. 24, 2014) That little voice telling you to exercise, get in shape and get healthy is probably coming from your boss. More companies are beefing up wellness programs to try and cut down their health care costs. (April 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Blood From World's Oldest Woman Suggests Life Limit

Blood From World's Oldest Woman Suggests Life Limit

Newsy (Apr. 24, 2014) Scientists say for the extremely elderly, their stem cells might reach a state of exhaustion. This could limit one's life span. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
FDA Wants To Ban Sales Of E-Cigarettes To Minors

FDA Wants To Ban Sales Of E-Cigarettes To Minors

Newsy (Apr. 24, 2014) The Food and Drug Administration wants to crack down on the use of e-cigarettes, banning the sale of the product to minors. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins