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Sex Differences In The Brain's Serotonin System

Date:
February 17, 2008
Source:
Karolinska Institutet
Summary:
The brain's serotonin system differs between men and women. The scientists who conducted the study think that they have found one of the reasons why depression and chronic anxiety are more common in women than in men. Serotonin is a brain neurotransmitter that is critical to the development and treatment of depression and chronic anxiety.

Sex differences in the brain's serotonin system.
Credit: Hristina Jovanovic

A new thesis from he Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet shows that the brain's serotonin system differs between men and women. The scientists who conducted the study think that they have found one of the reasons why depression and chronic anxiety are more common in women than in men.

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Serotonin is a brain neurotransmitter that is critical to the development and treatment of depression and chronic anxiety, conditions that, for reasons still unknown, are much more common in women than in men. A research group at Karolinska Institutet has now shown using a PET scanner that women and men differ in terms of the number of binding sites for serotonin in certain parts of the brain.

Their results, which are to be presented in a doctoral thesis by Hristina Jovanovic at the end of February, show that women have a greater number of the most common serotonin receptors than men. They also show that women have lower levels of the protein that transports serotonin back into the nerve cells that secrete it. It is this protein that the most common antidepressants (SSRIs) block.

"We don't know exactly what this means, but the results can help us understand why the occurrence of depression differs between the sexes and why men and women sometimes respond differently to treatment with antidepressant drugs," says associate professor Anna-Lena Nordstrφm, who led the study.

The group has also shown that the serotonin system in healthy women differs from that in women with serious premenstrual mental symptoms. These results suggest that the serotonin system in such women does not respond as flexibly to the hormone swings of the menstrual cycle as that in symptom-free women.

"These findings indicate that when developing antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs, scientists should evaluate their effect on men and women separately, as well as their effects before and after menopause," says Ms Nordstrφm.

Thesis: "PET evaluation of central serotonergic neurotransmission in women", Hristina Jovanovic Department of Clinical Neuroscience. The public defense will take place at 29 February at Karolinska University Hospital in Solna, Stockholm.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Karolinska Institutet. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Karolinska Institutet. "Sex Differences In The Brain's Serotonin System." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 February 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080213111043.htm>.
Karolinska Institutet. (2008, February 17). Sex Differences In The Brain's Serotonin System. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080213111043.htm
Karolinska Institutet. "Sex Differences In The Brain's Serotonin System." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080213111043.htm (accessed November 22, 2014).

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