Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Mental Health Intervention At School Reduces PTSD Among Indonesian Children Affected By Violence

Date:
August 12, 2008
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
A school-based intervention for children in communities affected by political violence in Indonesia reduced post-traumatic stress symptoms and helped maintain hope, but did not reduce traumatic stress-related symptoms, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms or functional impairment, according to a new study.

A school-based intervention for children in communities affected by political violence in Indonesia reduced post-traumatic stress symptoms and helped maintain hope, but did not reduce traumatic stress-related symptoms, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms or functional impairment, according to a new study.

Related Articles


"Mental health and psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents globally have received little research attention, even though mental health problems are one of the most significant contributors to the global burden of disease," the authors write. "Little is known about the efficacy of mental health interventions for children exposed to armed conflicts in low- and middle-income settings. Childhood mental health problems are difficult to address in situations of ongoing poverty and political instability."

Wietse A. Tol, M.A., of HealthNet TPO, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and colleagues conducted a study to assess the efficacy of a school-based intervention designed for children exposed to conflict, and implemented in a low-income setting. The study involved 495 children (average age 9.9 years) attending randomly selected schools in communities affected by political violence in Poso, Indonesia. The children were screened for exposure to violent events, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anxiety symptoms, and compared with a wait-list control group. The school-based intervention consisted of 15 sessions over five weeks and included trauma-processing activities, cooperative play, and creative-expressive elements, implemented by locally trained paraprofessionals.

The intervention resulted in a moderate reduction in PTSD symptoms and function impairment for girls and retained hope for boys and girls. "No changes were found on the other outcome variables; traumatic idioms, depressive, anxiety symptoms, and functioning (the latter for boys)," the authors report.

"We hypothesize that these results may show that psychosocial interventions alone are unable to reverse the challenges to psychosocial well-being presented by chronic poverty and political instability," they write.

The researchers noted significantly more improvement in post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and maintained hope in the treatment group than in the control group. Gender influenced both changes in PTSD symptoms and function impairment, with girls benefiting more from the intervention than boys. The study found no effects for age.

"In short, a school-based psychosocial intervention was able to moderately reduce PTSD symptoms, retain hope, and improve functioning for girls, and retain hope for boys affected by communal violence in a low-income context," the authors conclude. "Further adaptations and research to address the full range of post-traumatic outcomes and functioning are necessary."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Tol et al. School-Based Mental Health Intervention for Children Affected by Political Violence in Indonesia: A Cluster Randomized Trial. JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2008; 300 (6): 655 DOI: 10.1001/jama.300.6.655

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Mental Health Intervention At School Reduces PTSD Among Indonesian Children Affected By Violence." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 August 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080812160605.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2008, August 12). Mental Health Intervention At School Reduces PTSD Among Indonesian Children Affected By Violence. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080812160605.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Mental Health Intervention At School Reduces PTSD Among Indonesian Children Affected By Violence." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080812160605.htm (accessed December 17, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Mind & Brain News

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Yoga Could Be As Beneficial For The Heart As Walking, Biking

Yoga Could Be As Beneficial For The Heart As Walking, Biking

Newsy (Dec. 17, 2014) Yoga can help your weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and heart just as much as biking and walking does, a new study suggests. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
1st Responders Trained for Autism Sensitivity

1st Responders Trained for Autism Sensitivity

AP (Dec. 16, 2014) More departments are ordering their first responders to sit in on training sessions that focus on how to more effectively interact with those with autism spectrum disorder (Dec. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Guys Are Idiots, According To Sarcastic Study

Guys Are Idiots, According To Sarcastic Study

Newsy (Dec. 12, 2014) A study out of Britain suggest men are more idiotic than women based on the rate of accidental deaths and other factors. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Believing in Father Christmas Good for Children's Imaginations

Believing in Father Christmas Good for Children's Imaginations

AFP (Dec. 12, 2014) As the countdown to Christmas gets underway, so too does the Father Christmas conspiracy. But psychologists say that telling our children about Santa, flying reindeer and elves is good for their imaginations. Duration: 01:57 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins