A new study in the journal Family Relations focuses on the experiences of the Sudanese refugees who were separated from their parents during the Sudanese civil war.
Often called the Lost Boys of Sudan, these children faced multiple traumatic events and chronic hardships. In addition to being violently expelled from their homes and having to live in displacement camps, these children also struggled with uncertainty regarding the fate of their parents and siblings. Researchers found that the children used a number of emotion-focused and problem-focused strategies in order to cope with separation and ambiguous loss (not knowing whether a loved one is dead or alive.)
The children tried not to think about their families and kept distracted by other activities, including soccer and focusing on school and education. However they tried to obtain information about their families from new arrivals to the refugee camp who were from their region ofSudan.
The authors found that a crucial aspect to survival was the support they provided each other. Within the refugee camps, peers formed alternative families while the elders encouraged the youth not to lose hope of eventually finding their parents.
“Our study is important to expanding the work on ambiguous loss to include children and for understanding resilience in children,” the authors note. “Their resilience can be explained by a combination of their personal characteristics, their relationship with their peers and elders, and the community resources available in the refugee camps. In addition, Sudanese culture that values living in harmony contributed to the relationships the youth needed to survive.”
Tom Luster, Desiree Qin, Laura Bates, Deborah J. Johnson, and Meenal Rana of Michigan State University conducted in-depth interviews with ten refugees who located surviving family members in Sudan after an average separation of 13.7 years. The interviews probed their experiences of ambiguous loss, relationships in the refugee camps, the search for family, and re-establishing relationships with family members living on another continent. The Sudanese youth discussed their feelings of sadness, loneliness, fear, worry, and frustration with not being able to learn the fate of their families.
- Tom Luster, Desiree B. Qin, Laura Bates, Deborah J. Johnson and Meenal Rana. The Lost Boys of Sudan: Ambiguous Loss, Search for Family, and Reestablishing Relationships With Family Members*. Family Relations, 2008; 57 (4): 444 DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2008.00513.x
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