Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Spaniards Prefer Love To Be Passionate, Study Shows

Date:
February 14, 2009
Source:
Plataforma SINC
Summary:
Spaniards of all ages, in the main, have a “romantic” conception of love. They see it as an irresistible passion, which involves great intimacy and a strong physical attraction, which is classified as “Eros” love. Far fewer of them view the sentiment as a lasting commitment based on closeness, friendship, companionship and affection (amiable or “storge” love), a model which is more common in the north of Europe.

80% of those interviewed said they prefer passionate love.
Credit: SINC

Spaniards of all ages, in the main, have a "romantic" conception of love. They see it as an irresistible passion, which involves great intimacy and a strong physical attraction, which is classified as "Eros" love. Far fewer of them view the sentiment as a lasting commitment based on closeness, friendship, companionship and affection (amiable or "storge" love), a model which is more common in the north of Europe.

Behind "Eros", but also with a high level of acceptance among the Spanish population, comes "Banquet" or altruistic love, which implies making sacrifices for the welfare of the other. Pragmatic "Pragma" love, based on searching for a partner based on rational criteria, along with friendship-based love, both have a similar level of acceptance in Spain - around 54%.

These are the highlights of a research project headed by five psychologists from the University of the Balearic Islands, based on 1,351 telephone interviews, and which has been published recently in the journal Psycothema.

"Maniacal", or obsessive, love, characterised by its intensity and intimacy, but also by jealously, lack of communication, and "physical and psychological symptoms", and which is "closer to gender violence", was only rejected by 25% of those taking part in the survey, while almost 40% viewed it with indifference and more than 30% said it was acceptable. This is a similar percentage to that in other countries, but "still significant", as Victoria Ferrer, director of the research study and a professor of social psychology at the University of the Balearic Islands, which led the study, tells SINC.

The participants were responding to a shorter version of the questionnaire on the Love Attitude Scale, which is used to deduce the level to which respondents agree with different descriptions of this emotion, such as "the deepest kind of love stems from long friendship".

In Spain, 80% of those interviewed agreed with the idea of a passionate kind of love. "In this respect, we are similar to other Latin countries, such as in Latin America, and differ from others that are geographically closer but have a more different culture," says Ferrer.

The researcher believes that contributory factors to this could include the more expressive culture of Latin people, and the fact that gender equality in Spain is a relatively recent phenomenon compared with in northern Europe. "Romantic love is probably less egalitarian than friendship-based love, although this is something we are studying," she says. Some scientists focus on the biological aspect of love, "although it seems clear that culture has an influence", she adds.

Hollywood creates false myths

Hollywood has a lot to do with "Eros" being the dominant conception of love. "Cinema has created many myths, and has made us believe things that are not real" because in reality "passion dwindles, and life in a couple is a transactional game in which one has to overcome frictions", says Ferrer. "The movies end when the real stories are about to begin," she adds.

Ferrer finds it surprising that this "mythical idea of love" also predominates among older sections of the population. "The acceptance level dips a little in middle aged groups, when people are more pragmatic, but it rises again among older age groups."

The acceptance levels of love based on friendship increased in line with respondents' age, along with "Banquet" love, while acceptance of the idea of love as a game declines, showing that "as time passes, our concept of love changes and we become more pragmatic".

Love as a game, with little emotional involvement, and no expectations for the future "is not our cup of tea", she says. This concept was rejected by 66% of the population, particularly women. "Banquet" love was accepted by 70% of respondents, above all men (86% compared to 60% of women), which "undermines the cliché of self-denial being a feminine characteristic", according to the study. The researchers are now looking for the reasons behind this.

Among women, "Pragma" love is the second most accepted model, at 63.9% of respondents, coming behind self-denying love, while only 47% of males agree with it (25% say they are indifferent and 27% reject it).

This "could be related to the traditional gender roles, which in the context of a couple translate into women putting in more effort (in their role as carers), and which could lead to them placing greater positive value on these practical aspects", according to the study.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Plataforma SINC. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Victoria A. Ferrer Pérez, Esperanza Bosch Fiol, Capilla Navarro guzmán, M. Carmen Ramis Palmer y Esther García Baudes. El concepto de amor en España. Psycothema, (589-594) Vol.20 Number 4 2008

Cite This Page:

Plataforma SINC. "Spaniards Prefer Love To Be Passionate, Study Shows." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 February 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090213115445.htm>.
Plataforma SINC. (2009, February 14). Spaniards Prefer Love To Be Passionate, Study Shows. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090213115445.htm
Plataforma SINC. "Spaniards Prefer Love To Be Passionate, Study Shows." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090213115445.htm (accessed July 30, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

Newsy (July 29, 2014) — If you've been looking for love online, there's a chance somebody has been looking at how you're looking. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

Newsy (July 29, 2014) — Researchers have found certain facial features can make us seem more attractive or trustworthy. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Newsy (July 27, 2014) — A new study shows sleep deprivation can make it harder for people to remember specific details of an event. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
University Quiz Implies Atheists Are Smarter Than Christians

University Quiz Implies Atheists Are Smarter Than Christians

Newsy (July 25, 2014) — An online quiz from a required course at Ohio State is making waves for suggesting atheists are inherently smarter than Christians. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins