Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Which Research Will Help To Reduce Deaths From Childhood Diarrhea?

Date:
March 9, 2009
Source:
Public Library of Science
Summary:
Health researchers say that the number one research priority for reducing childhood deaths from diarrhea is to find ways to improve the acceptability and effectiveness of oral rehydration solution.

An international team of health researchers says that the number one research priority for reducing childhood deaths from diarrhoea is to find ways to improve the acceptability and effectiveness of oral rehydration solution (ORS).

But unfortunately, says the team, donor agencies have shown little interest in funding this type of research.

Childhood diarrhoea claims almost 2 million lives each year and is responsible for about 1 in 5 child deaths worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a new reduced osmolarity ORS for treating dehydrating diarrhoeal disease.

The 15 researchers, led by Olivier Fontaine at the WHO's Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, set out to define which research questions should be prioritized to improve the chances of cutting childhood diarrhoea deaths by 2015. They used a methodology designed by the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (http://www.chnri.org) — in which all possible research options are initially listed and are then given scores.

The top 10% of research investments prioritized by the researchers included:

  • What is the acceptability and effectiveness of the new reduced osmolarity ORS in the clinic as well as in the community?
  • What is the effectiveness of zinc supplementation (a proven treatment against diarrhoea) on the outcome and incidence of diarrhoea in the community?
  • What are the barriers against appropriate use of ORS?
  • Designing locally adapted training programs to orient health workers on a treatment strategy called 'Integrated Management of Childhood Illness' 
  • Identifying cost-effective, sustainable methods for community-based promotion and support for early initiation and continuation of breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life and prolonged breastfeeding.

"The main message of the process," say Fontaine and colleagues, "is that the research priorities to reduce global mortality from childhood diarrhoea within the present context are dominated by health systems, policy research, and epidemiological questions."

"These questions are mainly targeted at better understanding the barriers towards implementation, effectiveness, and optimisation of use of available interventions and programmes such as oral rehydration solution, zinc supplementation, exclusive breastfeeding, and Integrated Management of Childhood Illness."

The authors caution, however, that "very few donors agencies recognise the importance of these domains of health research and are willing to readily invest in those options."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Public Library of Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Fontaine et al. Setting Research Priorities To Reduce Global Mortality from Childhood Diarrhoea by 2015. PLoS Medicine, 2009; 6 (3): e41 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000041

Cite This Page:

Public Library of Science. "Which Research Will Help To Reduce Deaths From Childhood Diarrhea?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 March 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090309205315.htm>.
Public Library of Science. (2009, March 9). Which Research Will Help To Reduce Deaths From Childhood Diarrhea?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090309205315.htm
Public Library of Science. "Which Research Will Help To Reduce Deaths From Childhood Diarrhea?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090309205315.htm (accessed August 20, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Possible Ebola Patient in Isolation at California Hospital

Possible Ebola Patient in Isolation at California Hospital

Reuters - US Online Video (Aug. 20, 2014) — A patient who may have been exposed to the Ebola virus is in isolation at the Kaiser Permanente South Sacramento Medical Center. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: World's Oldest Man Lives in Japan

Raw: World's Oldest Man Lives in Japan

AP (Aug. 20, 2014) — A 111-year-old Japanese was certified as the world's oldest man by Guinness World Records on Wednesday. Sakari Momoi, a native of Fukushima in northern Japan, was given a certificate at a hospital in Tokyo. (Aug. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Do More Wedding Guests Make A Happier Marriage?

Do More Wedding Guests Make A Happier Marriage?

Newsy (Aug. 20, 2014) — A new study found couples who had at least 150 guests at their weddings were more likely to report being happy in their marriages. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

AFP (Aug. 19, 2014) — Residents of Sierra Leone's capital voice their fears as the Ebola virus sweeps through west Africa. Duration: 00:56 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins