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Presto! Fast Color-changing Material May Lead To Improved Sunglasses

Date:
April 28, 2009
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Researchers in Japan are reporting development of a new so-called "photochromic" material that changes color thousands of times faster than conventional materials when exposed to light. The development could lead to a wide range of new products including improved sunglasses, more powerful computers, dynamic holograms, and better medicines, the researchers say.

Photochromic material
Credit: ACS

Researchers in Japan are reporting development of a new so-called "photochromic" material that changes color thousands of times faster than conventional materials when exposed to light. The development could lead to a wide range of new products including improved sunglasses, more powerful computers, dynamic holograms, and better medicines, the researchers say.

In the new study, Jiro Abe and colleagues note that photochromic materials are most familiar as the invisible layers found in the lenses of many high-end sunglasses, which change color when exposed to sunlight. For years, researchers have explored the possibility of using these unusual materials for optical data storage in computers and as "molecular switches" for more controlled drug delivery. Conventional photochromic materials, however, tend to be relatively slow-acting (tens of seconds to hours) and unstable, which prevents their use for many advanced applications, the scientists say.

The scientists describe development of a unique photochromic material that shows instantaneous coloration upon exposure to ultraviolet light and its disappearance within tens of milliseconds when the light is turned off. The decoloration speed is thousands of times faster than conventional materials. The material is also more stable and longer-lasting, they note. In laboratory studies, the scientists showed that the new material could instantly change from colorless to blue in both solid form and in solution when they exposed the molecules to ultraviolet light, and quickly back to colorless when the light is turned off.

The development opens the door to futuristic technologies "with unprecedented switching speeds and remarkable stabilities," the article notes.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Kishimoto et al. A Fast Photochromic Molecule That Colors Only under UV Light. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2009; 131 (12): 4227 DOI: 10.1021/ja810032t

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Presto! Fast Color-changing Material May Lead To Improved Sunglasses." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 April 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090427010812.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2009, April 28). Presto! Fast Color-changing Material May Lead To Improved Sunglasses. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090427010812.htm
American Chemical Society. "Presto! Fast Color-changing Material May Lead To Improved Sunglasses." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090427010812.htm (accessed September 20, 2014).

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