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Do stereotypes drive consumer purchases from for-profit or nonprofit organizations?

Date:
February 17, 2010
Source:
University of Chicago Press Journals
Summary:
Consumers perceive nonprofit organizations as being "warm," but not particularly competent, according to a new study.

Consumers perceive non-profit organizations as being "warm," but not particularly competent, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

"Across three experiments, we found that consumers hold stereotypes, or shorthand, blanket impressions about non-profit and for-profit organizations and that these stereotypes predict crucial marketplace behaviors, such as the likelihood of visiting of a website and willingness to buy a product from the organization," write authors Jennifer Aaker (Stanford University), Kathleen D. Vohs (University of Minnesota), and Cassie Mogilner (University of Pennsylvania).

The authors found that people generally view for-profit companies are being competent, but also as being devoid of warmth, which does not lead people to admire them.

In contrast, they found that consumers perceive non-profits as being warmer than for-profits, but they also believe they are less competent than for-profits. Therefore, if consumer stereotypes are not interrupted, people are more likely to buy products from for-profits than non-profits.

Non-profits can boost public perception by understanding and using tools that most effectively convey competence, the authors write. For example, non-profits can utilize sub-branding, endorsements, and sponsored events to avoid the general perception that they are in some way incompetent.

"Our results demonstrate a major difference from findings regarding the warmth and competence perceptions of people," the authors write. "It is well-established that perceptions of people are better predicted by perceptions of warmth than by perceptions of competence. However, in our studies of firms, perceived competence predicted global endpoints (such as willingness to buy) better than perceived warmth. In this regard, our work represents an intriguing departure from work on perceptions of humans."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Chicago Press Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jennifer Aaker, Kathleen D. Vohs, and Cassie Mogilner. Non-Profits Are Seen as Warm and For-Profits as Competent: Firm Stereotypes Matter. Journal of Consumer Research, August 2010

Cite This Page:

University of Chicago Press Journals. "Do stereotypes drive consumer purchases from for-profit or nonprofit organizations?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 February 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100217114632.htm>.
University of Chicago Press Journals. (2010, February 17). Do stereotypes drive consumer purchases from for-profit or nonprofit organizations?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100217114632.htm
University of Chicago Press Journals. "Do stereotypes drive consumer purchases from for-profit or nonprofit organizations?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100217114632.htm (accessed April 18, 2014).

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