Microeconomics is one of the main fields of the social science of economics.
It considers the behaviour of individual consumers, firms and industries.
Microeconomics is a branch of economics that studies how individuals, households, and firms make decisions to allocate limited resources, typically in markets where goods or services are being bought and sold.
Microeconomics examines how these decisions and behaviors affect the supply and demand for goods and services, which determines prices, and how prices, in turn, determine the supply and demand of goods and services.
Microeconomics has been called “the bottom-up view of the economy”, or “how people deal with money, time, and resources.” One of the goals of microeconomics is to analyze market mechanisms that establish relative prices amongst goods and services and allocation of limited resources amongst many alternative uses.
Microeconomics analyzes market failure, where markets fail to produce efficient results, as well as describing the theoretical conditions needed for perfect competition.
Significant fields of study in microeconomics include markets under asymmetric information, choice under uncertainty and economic applications of game theory.