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Geography of violence: Violent injury among U.S. youth appears to be end result of web of factors

Date:
February 23, 2010
Source:
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Summary:
Violent injury, the second leading cause of death among US youth, appears to be the end result of a web of factors including alcohol, weapons, and dangerous urban environments. Researchers in Pennsylvania are investigating how the nature and whereabouts of daily activities relate to the likelihood of violent injury among youth.

Violent injury, the second leading cause of death among US youth, appears to be the end result of a web of factors including alcohol, weapons, and dangerous urban environments. Using new techniques, a team led by Douglas J. Wiebe, PhD, assistant professor of Epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, is investigating how the nature and whereabouts of daily activities relate to the likelihood of violent injury among youth.

On Feb. 21 at a press briefing held during the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in San Diego, Wiebe presented portions of an ongoing study about the daily activities of youth and their risk of being violently injured.

Injured youth are recruited during hospital treatment; uninjured controls are recruited from households across Philadelphia using random digit dialing. Laptop-based, portable mapping technology is used to interview each youth and construct a graphic, minute-by-minute record of how, when, where, and with whom youths spent time or moved about over the 24-hour time period leading up to their injury. Each youth also reports their activities, including use of alcohol and weapons at each point throughout the same day. Characteristics of streets, buildings, and neighborhood populations are then linked to each point in their daily activities.

"The ultimate goal is to inform communities of place-based risk factors and identify opportunities to make communities safer," says Wiebe. "Simply put, where youth go throughout their day influences the opportunities they have to get hurt. The goal is to identify the most high risk places." The hope is that this type of information can be used to better design and revitalize urban environments for safety.


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The above story is based on materials provided by University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. "Geography of violence: Violent injury among U.S. youth appears to be end result of web of factors." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 February 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100221200906.htm>.
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. (2010, February 23). Geography of violence: Violent injury among U.S. youth appears to be end result of web of factors. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100221200906.htm
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. "Geography of violence: Violent injury among U.S. youth appears to be end result of web of factors." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100221200906.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

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