Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Emergency online communities: Building social networks to help the disadvantaged during disaster recovery

Date:
March 15, 2010
Source:
Inderscience Publishers
Summary:
Online social networks could help with communications and recovery for people with disabilities following major natural disasters, or even terrorist attack, according a new research paper.

Online social networks could help with communications and recovery for people with disabilities following major natural disasters, or even terrorist attack, according to a research paper in the International Journal of Emergency Management.

In the wake of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, other natural disasters, and even technological emergencies it has become obvious that there is a serious need for disaster and emergency preparedness for people with disabilities. Following Katrina and Rita there was inadequate access to medical equipment, medicines, accessible communication media, assistive technologies, personal assistance, and even shelter.

The aftermath of recent major earthquakes in Chile, China, and Haiti reinforce the global perspective on this issue. Emergencies and hazard events pose not only physical and material problems for people with disabilities but can have significant psychological impact on vulnerable populations. As such, they require effective communication networks and infrastructure to mitigate disruption to social environments.

John C. Bricout of the University of Central Florida, Orlando, and Paul M. A. Baker of the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, point out that online social networks could be instrumental in addressing the psychological and social needs of persons with disabilities in the context of disasters or other emergency events. They emphasize that consideration must be given to the strengths and weaknesses of such distributed online resources in relation to the specific emergency.

The researchers stress that in the people with disabilities must be involved throughout the developmental and evaluation process of this role for social networks and that their presence as key "stakeholders" will be critical to their effectiveness.

"For emergency communications to engender not only compliance but also mobilization and effective responses they must be embedded in online social networks that function as distributed communities of persons with disabilities, local, regional and beyond and link to providers and critical knowledge/information sources," the researchers say. "The emergency communications become one channel for a broader, relational network that extends from the virtual/online realm into real-world resources and relationships."

There are therefore three main objectives: first coordinated online social networks must be developed that serve the "community" online. Secondly, adequate wireless, web-based and computer-mediated infrastructure that can be sustained during an emergency must be in place. Thirdly, emergency training and simulation must be carried out that tests how well the online social networks might cope in an emergency.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Inderscience Publishers. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. John C. Bricout, Paul M. A. Baker. Leveraging online social networks for people with disabilities in emergency communications and recovery. International Journal of Emergency Management, 2010; 7: 59-74

Cite This Page:

Inderscience Publishers. "Emergency online communities: Building social networks to help the disadvantaged during disaster recovery." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 March 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100304093637.htm>.
Inderscience Publishers. (2010, March 15). Emergency online communities: Building social networks to help the disadvantaged during disaster recovery. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100304093637.htm
Inderscience Publishers. "Emergency online communities: Building social networks to help the disadvantaged during disaster recovery." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100304093637.htm (accessed August 20, 2014).

Share This




More Computers & Math News

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ballmer Leaves Microsoft's Board, Has Advice For Nadella

Ballmer Leaves Microsoft's Board, Has Advice For Nadella

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) In a letter to Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella, Ballmer said he's leaving the board of directors and offered tips on how the company can be successful. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
What Google Can Gain From Special Accounts For Children

What Google Can Gain From Special Accounts For Children

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Google will reportedly offer official accounts for children younger than 13 years old. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Breakingviews: Ebola's Economic Impact Could Eclipse SARS

Breakingviews: Ebola's Economic Impact Could Eclipse SARS

Reuters - Business Video Online (Aug. 18, 2014) The virus ravaging Africa has yet to spread elsewhere. Yet Asia’s SARS crisis in 2003 showed how changes to behaviour can hurt the economy more than the actual disease, says Breakingviews' Una Galani. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Twitter Users Up In Arms After 'Favorites' Show Up In Feeds

Twitter Users Up In Arms After 'Favorites' Show Up In Feeds

Newsy (Aug. 17, 2014) Twitter is testing a feature on some users that shows favorited tweets from people they follow in their own timeline, the same way a retweet appears. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins