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News media

The news media are those elements of the mass media that focus on delivering news to the general public or a target public.

These include print media (newspapers, newsmagazines), broadcast news (radio and television), and more recently the Internet (online newspapers, news blogs, etc.).

Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and video signals (programs) to a number of recipients ("listeners" or "viewers") that belong to a large group.

This group may be the public in general, or a relatively large audience within the public.

Thus, an Internet channel may distribute text or music worldwide, while a public address system in (for example) a workplace may broadcast very limited ad hoc soundbites to a small population within its range.

In a broadcast system (television), journalists or reporters are also involved with editing the video material that has been shot alongside their research, and in working on the visual narrative of the story.

Broadcast journalists often make an appearance in the news story at the beginning or end of the video clip.

In television or broadcast journalism, news analysts (also called news-casters or news anchors) examine, interpret, and broadcast news received from various sources of information.

Anchors present this as news, either videotaped or live, through transmissions from on-the-scene reporters (news correspondents).

News films ("clips") can vary in length; there are some which may be as long as ten minutes, others that need to fit in all the relevant information and material in two or three minutes.

News channels these days have also begun to host special documentary films that stretch for much longer durations and are able to explore a news subject or issue in greater detail.

A newspaper is a lightweight and disposable publication (more specifically, a periodical), usually printed on low-cost paper called newsprint.

It may be general or special interest, and may be published daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly, bimonthly, or quarterly.

General-interest newspapers are usually journals of current news on a variety of topics.

Those can include political events, crime, business, sports, and opinions (either editorials, columns, or political cartoons).

Many also include weather news and forecasts.

Newspapers increasingly use photographs to illustrate stories; they also often include comic strips and other entertainment, such as crosswords.

A newsmagazine, sometimes called news magazine, is a usually weekly magazine featuring articles on current events.

News magazines generally go more in-depth into stories than newspapers, trying to give the reader an understanding of the context surrounding important events, rather than just the facts.

Online journalism is reporting and other journalism produced or distributed via the Internet.

The Internet has allowed the formal and informal publication of news stories through mainstream media outlets as well as blogs and other self-published news stories.

Journalists working on the Internet have been referred to as J-Bloggers, a term coined by Australian Media Academic Dr Nicola Goc to describe journalists who [blog] and [blog]gers who produce journalism. "J-Bloggers: Internet bloggers acting in the role of journalists disseminating newsworthy information, who subscribe to the journalistic ideals of an obligation to the truth and the public's right to know."

By covering news, politics, weather, sports, entertainment, and vital events, the daily media shape the dominant cultural, social and political picture of society.

Beyond the media networks, independent news sources have evolved to report on events which escape attention or underlie the major stories.

In recent years, the blogosphere has taken reporting a step further, mining down to the experiences and perceptions of individual citizens.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "News media", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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May 22, 2015

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