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Bone marrow cells produce nerve growth factor and promote angiogenesis around transplanted islets

Date:
April 1, 2010
Source:
World Journal of Gastroenterology
Summary:
Islet transplantation is a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus. Clinical islet transplantation has not yielded long-term insulin-independence. One of the hurdles to overcome is the lack of a vascular network to support newly transplanted islets. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophin that plays a crucial role in promoting growth, differentiation and function of sympathetic nerve cells. A U.S. research group showed transplanted bone marrow produced NGF which promoted angiogenesis around co-transplanted islets.

Islet transplantation is a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus. The promotion of angiogenesis is an important endeavor to prevent islet graft failure. Endothelial precursor cells (EPCs), a heterogeneous group originating in the hematopoietic compartment of bone marrow, have an important role in the angiogenesis of adult tissues. Transplanted EPCs induce hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) under hypoxic conditions which leads to upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and promotes vascularization.

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Nerve growth factor (NGF), which plays an important role in promoting growth, differentiation and function of nerve cells has been shown to have an important role in angiogenesis by stimulating VEGF. Moreover, NGF is secreted by islets and may have a beneficial effect on islet function.

This research, lead by Dr. Eba Hathout and her colleagues in Loma Linda University School of Medicine, has recently published on March 14, 2010 in the World Journal of Gastroenterology. They focused on NGF levels and its effects to clarify the mechanism of angiogenesis brought by bone marrow cell transplantation.

They found that NGF may have a role in islet transplantation by promoting angiogenesis and preventing hypoxia at the early post-transplant period. However, this remains to be tested and reproduced in appropriate trials.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by World Journal of Gastroenterology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Sakata N, Chan NK, Chrisler J, Obenaus A, Hathout E. Bone marrow cells produce nerve growth factor and promote angiogenesis around transplanted islets. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2010; 16 (10): 1215 DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i10.1215

Cite This Page:

World Journal of Gastroenterology. "Bone marrow cells produce nerve growth factor and promote angiogenesis around transplanted islets." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 April 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100401101101.htm>.
World Journal of Gastroenterology. (2010, April 1). Bone marrow cells produce nerve growth factor and promote angiogenesis around transplanted islets. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100401101101.htm
World Journal of Gastroenterology. "Bone marrow cells produce nerve growth factor and promote angiogenesis around transplanted islets." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100401101101.htm (accessed November 22, 2014).

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