Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Penalty points system driver's license reduces accidents on a temporary basis, Spanish study finds

Date:
July 29, 2010
Source:
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology
Summary:
Researchers have determined that after the implementation in 2006 of the penalty points system driver's license in Spain, there has been a reduction of 12.6 percent in the number of deaths in highway accidents. However, the effect on fatal accidents lasted only two years.

A group of researchers from Universidad de Sevilla and Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha has determined that after the implementation in 2006 of the penalty points system driver's license in Spain, there has been a reduction of 12.6 percent in the number of deaths in highway accidents. However, the effect on fatal accidents lasted only two years.

"We studied every accident reduction measure on an individual basis and we estimated the reduction percentage corresponding to the penalty points system driver's license, a legal reform that entered into force in Spain in the summer of 2006, which had already been implemented in several countries like Austria, Japan or Ireland," explains José Ignacio Castillo Manzano, US researcher and study co-author.

The effects of this measure were analyzed based on four different variables: deaths in highway, deaths in city accidents, injured in highway and injured in city accidents.

According to the study published in the Accident Analysis & Prevention journal, the penalty points system driver's license resulted in an average reduction of 12.6% in the number of deaths in highway accidents over the two years after the law coming into force, following an initial impact during the first month of 16.3%. With respect to the number of people injured in the city and in the highway, the measure had a similar initial impact, but the effects disappeared quickly within less than a year, specifically nine and eleven months, respectively.

Regarding the fourth highway safety indicator, the number of deaths in urban accidents, researchers did not find any effect caused by said reform. "In the case of deaths in the city, specific reforms must be designed for the purposes of reducing them because it's a variable that follows a dynamic that is totally different from the rest," says the expert.

On the other hand, the impact of the penalty points system driver's license in our country is clearly above the average of other countries. "Pedagogically speaking, it is a measure that has had great impact on the press and television, but when it comes to the truth its effects are temporary and very short lasting. However, most studies in other countries refer to a reduction shorter than six months versus two years in Spain," adds Castillo Manzano.

"This is not a single measure on which to base an accident rate policy, but a measure that must be complemented with other measures," states the researcher. Data are available from the Statistics National Institute (INE, as per its acronym in Spanish), which extracts them from the Traffic General Directorate (DGT, as per its acronym in Spanish).

Mandatory use of the safety belt, a longer lasting measure

Researchers also estimated the effect of the mandatory use of the safety belt. Such measure affects the same three variables as the penalty points system driver's license. "Since June 1992, the mandatory use of the safety belt has translated into a reduction of 12-13% in the number of deaths in highway accidents and the number of injured in highway and in the city. This percentage has remained constant over time until the end of December 2007, that is, about 15 years and a half," points out Castillo Manzano.

A conclusion that the DGT must take into consideration: of all the measures, those that really cause a profound and steady change as to the accident rate are those that introduce safety elements into the car and become mandatory, like the safety belt.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology. "Penalty points system driver's license reduces accidents on a temporary basis, Spanish study finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 July 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100728092621.htm>.
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology. (2010, July 29). Penalty points system driver's license reduces accidents on a temporary basis, Spanish study finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100728092621.htm
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology. "Penalty points system driver's license reduces accidents on a temporary basis, Spanish study finds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100728092621.htm (accessed September 30, 2014).

Share This



More Science & Society News

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Argentina's Tax Evaders Detected, Hunted Down by Drones

Argentina's Tax Evaders Detected, Hunted Down by Drones

AFP (Sep. 30, 2014) — Argentina doesn't only have Lionel Messi the footballer, it has now also acquired "Mesi" the drone system which monitors undeclared mansions, swimming pools and soy fields to curb tax evasion in the country. Duration: 01:18 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
How 'Yes Means Yes' Defines Sexual Assault

How 'Yes Means Yes' Defines Sexual Assault

Newsy (Sep. 29, 2014) — Aimed at reducing sexual assaults on college campuses, California has adopted a new law changing the standard of consent for sexual activity. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Why Is Big Tobacco Voluntarily Warning You About E-Cigs?

Why Is Big Tobacco Voluntarily Warning You About E-Cigs?

Newsy (Sep. 29, 2014) — Big tobacco companies are voluntarily printing health warnings on their e-cigarette packages — a move some are calling part of a PR strategy. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Why Pediatricians Endorse IUDs, Implants For Teens

Why Pediatricians Endorse IUDs, Implants For Teens

Newsy (Sep. 29, 2014) — New recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics point to intrauterine devices and implants as good forms of birth control for teens. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Science & Society

Business & Industry

Education & Learning

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins