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Selenium makes more efficient solar cells

Date:
August 6, 2010
Source:
American Institute of Physics
Summary:
By embedding the element selenium in zinc oxide, researchers have made a relatively inexpensive material that could be promising for solar power conversion by making more efficient use of the sun's energy.

This is a sunset over the Pacific Ocean as seen from Highway 1 south of Monterey, Calif. LBNL's Marie Mayer, who took the photo, calls sunlight and water "two sustainable resources to power our world."
Credit: Marie Mayer

Call it the anti-sunscreen. That's more or less the description of what many solar energy researchers would like to find -- light-catching substances that could be added to photovoltaic materials in order to convert more of the sun's energy into carbon-free electricity.

Research reported in the journal Applied Physics Letters, published by the American Institute of Physics (AIP), describes how solar power could potentially be harvested by using oxide materials that contain the element selenium. A team at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, embedded selenium in zinc oxide, a relatively inexpensive material that could be promising for solar power conversion if it could make more efficient use of the sun's energy. The team found that even a relatively small amount of selenium, just 9 percent of the mostly zinc-oxide base, dramatically boosted the material's efficiency in absorbing light.

"Researchers are exploring ways to make solar cells both less expensive and more efficient; this result potentially addresses both of those needs," says author Marie Mayer, a fourth-year University of California, Berkeley doctoral student based out of LBNL's Solar Materials Energy Research Group, which is working on novel materials for sustainable clean-energy sources.

Mayer says that photoelectrochemical water splitting, using energy from the sun to cleave water into hydrogen and oxygen gases, could potentially be the most exciting future application for her work. Harnessing this reaction is key to the eventual production of zero-emission hydrogen powered vehicles, which hypothetically will run only on water and sunlight. Like most researchers, Mayer isn't predicting hydrogen cars on the roads in any meaningful numbers soon. Still, the great thing about solar power, she says, is that "if you can dream it, someone is trying to research it."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Institute of Physics. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Marie A. Mayer, Derrick T. Speaks, Kin Man Yu, Samuel S. Mao, Eugene E. Haller, and Wladek Walukiewicz. Band structure engineering of ZnO1-xSex alloys. Applied Physics Letters, 2010; [link]

Cite This Page:

American Institute of Physics. "Selenium makes more efficient solar cells." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 August 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/08/100803175015.htm>.
American Institute of Physics. (2010, August 6). Selenium makes more efficient solar cells. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/08/100803175015.htm
American Institute of Physics. "Selenium makes more efficient solar cells." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/08/100803175015.htm (accessed October 1, 2014).

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