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Misdiagnosis? Alzheimer's disease not only type of dementia

Date:
October 15, 2010
Source:
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International
Summary:
Alzheimer's disease is not the only type of dementia. In more than 75% of patients, the memory impairments are due to Alzheimer’s disease. In Lewy body dementia, which is accompanied by cognitive and/or further psychiatric symptoms, and in Parkinson’s disease dementia, these develop only after the motor symptoms of the disorder have fully developed.

Alzheimer’s disease is not the only type of dementia. Two particular forms are dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson’s disease dementia. In both forms, the diagnosis is of vital importance because the treatment for these dementias differs from that for Alzheimer’s dementia, as Brit Mollenhauer and co-authors explain in the dementia theme issue of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International.

In more than 75% of patients, the memory impairments are due to Alzheimer’s disease. In Lewy body dementia, which is accompanied by cognitive and/or further psychiatric symptoms, and in Parkinson’s disease dementia, these develop only after the motor symptoms of the disorder have fully developed.

Gerhard Eschweiler and co-authors in their article introduce biomarkers that raise the probability of identifying Alzheimer’s disease at the stage of mild cognitive impairment and up to five years before full-blown dementia to 80%.

Richard Mahlberg in an introductory editorial emphasizes that the attempts to find an exact differential diagnosis are not merely academic exercises, but that new developments of diagnosis-specific, differentiated interventions for the future depend crucially on a correct initial diagnosis.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Lewy Body and Parkinsonian Dementia Common, but Often Misdiagnosed Conditions. Brit Mollenhauer, Hans Förstl, Günther Deuschl, Alexander Storch, Wolfgang Oertel, Claudia Trenkwalder. Dtsch Arztebl Int, 2010; 107[39]: 684-91 [link]

Cite This Page:

Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. "Misdiagnosis? Alzheimer's disease not only type of dementia." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 October 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/10/101015110151.htm>.
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. (2010, October 15). Misdiagnosis? Alzheimer's disease not only type of dementia. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/10/101015110151.htm
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. "Misdiagnosis? Alzheimer's disease not only type of dementia." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/10/101015110151.htm (accessed October 2, 2014).

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