Disorders and Syndromes News
September 4, 2015

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
September 4, 2015

New Model of Cognitive Flexibility Gives Insight Into Autism Spectrum Disorder

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers clarify many of the concepts surrounding cognitive flexibility and propose a model of its underlying neural mechanisms. The new model may be instrumental in understanding behavioral and ... read more

Do Antipsychotic Medications Affect Cortical Thinning?

Sep. 3, 2015 — People diagnosed with schizophrenia critically rely upon treatment with antipsychotic medications to manage their symptoms and help them function at home and in the workplace. But despite their ... read more

Long-Term Study Links Common Psychiatric Disorders With Increased Risk of Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

Sep. 2, 2015 — Ex-prisoners with common psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) and alcohol and drug abuse are substantially more likely to commit a violent crime after release ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — New research may help explain why drug treatments for addiction and depression don't work for some patients. The conditions are linked to reward and aversion responses in the brain. And the ... read more

Diabetes and Brain Tangles May Be Linked Independently of Alzheimer's Disease

Sep. 2, 2015 — Diabetes may be linked to the buildup of tangles or tau in the brain, separate from Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study. A new study looked at the relationship between type 2 diabetes, ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Genes are not only important for regular memory performance, but also for the development of Alzheimer's disease. Researchers have now identified a specific group of genes that plays a central ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Obstructive sleep apnea may be underdiagnosed in postmenopausal women. A new study strongly associates the condition's traditional risk factors with nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting), suggesting ... read more

Bisexual and Questioning Women Have Higher Risk of Eating Disorders

Sep. 2, 2015 — Young women who are attracted to both sexes or who are unsure about who they are attracted to are more likely to develop an eating disorder than those attracted to only one sex, according to a new ... read more

Risk of Cognitive Impairment in Children Born Prematurely May Be Predicted Using MRI After Birth

Sep. 2, 2015 — School age children who are born prematurely are more likely to have low mathematical achievement, thought to be associated with reduced working memory and number skills, according to a new ... read more

Psychological Consequences Remain Profound in Coastal Areas of Tohoku

Sep. 2, 2015 — A second round of aggregate findings from a study has revealed that depressive symptoms continue to be higher in coastal areas than in inland areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the ... read more

Antipsychotics Inappropriately Prescribed to People With Intellectual Disabilities

Sep. 1, 2015 — Large numbers of people with intellectual disabilities in the UK are being inappropriately prescribed antipsychotic drugs, finds a new study. Intellectual disability is a lifelong condition that ... read more

Medical Students With Mental Health Problems Do Not Feel Adequately Supported

Sep. 1, 2015 — Over 80 percent of medical students with mental health issues feel they receive poor or only moderately adequate support from their medical schools, finds a small online ... read more

Another Way Urate May Protect Against Parkinson's Disease

Sep. 1, 2015 — A study from members of the research team investigating whether increasing blood levels of the antioxidant urate can slow the progression of Parkinson's disease has found that the ... read more

Accuracy of Dementia Brain Imaging Must Improve

Sep. 1, 2015 — MRI scans and other tools to detect and diagnose dementia are helpful but not definitive. A new report evaluates how well different types of brain imaging tests work to detect Alzheimer's and ... read more

Helping Toddlers Understand Emotion Key to Development

Sep. 1, 2015 — The simple parenting strategy of helping toddlers understand emotion may reduce behavioral problems later on, finds an American study. Toddlers with higher risk, specifically those with more ... read more

Reading Emotions in a Second Language

Sep. 1, 2015 — If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well. If, however, the text is not in our mother tongue but in a second language, then our mind and body react in ... read more

Possible New Weapon Against PTSD

Sep. 1, 2015 — Animals who underwent chronic stress prior to a traumatic experience engaged a distinctive brain pathway that encodes traumatic memories more strongly than in unstressed animals, new research ... read more

'But Doctor, I'm Not Ill: ' Insight in Psychotic Patients

Aug. 31, 2015 — How do you convince someone with schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders that they are ill if they don't want to believe it? Awareness of illness, also known as 'insight', is a ... read more

Women in Poor Areas Twice as Likely to Develop Clinical Anxiety as Men

Aug. 31, 2015 — Women living in poor areas in the UK are almost twice as likely to develop clinical anxiety as women in richer areas. However, whether men lived in poorer or richer areas made no difference to their ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Men who buy sex have less empathy for women in prostitution than men who don't buy sex and are more likely to report having committed rape and other acts of sexual aggression, according to a new ... read more

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