Disorders and Syndromes News
October 7, 2015

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
October 7, 2015

Face-to-Face Socializing More Powerful Than Phone Calls, Emails in Guarding Against Depression

Oct. 5, 2015 — In a slight knock on digital and telephone communications, a new study points to the unsurpassed mental health benefits of regular face-to-face social interactions among older adults. Study ... read more

Does Knowing High-Status People Help or Hurt?

Oct. 2, 2015 — How happy you are may have something to do with who you know -- and where you come from. A sociology professor, set out to discover whether knowing high-status people helped or harmed mental health, ... read more

High-Fructose Diet Slows Recovery from Brain Injury

Oct. 2, 2015 — A diet high in processed fructose sabotages rat brains’ ability to heal after head trauma, neuroscientists report. Revealing a link between nutrition and brain health, the finding offers ... read more

New Study Removes Cancer Doubt for Multiple Sclerosis Drug

Oct. 1, 2015 — Researchers are calling on the medical community to reconsider developing a known drug to treat people with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) after new evidence shows it does not increase the risk of ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Our brain cells have different genomes from one another. The study shows for the first time that mutations in somatic cells -- that is, any cell in the body except sperm and eggs -- are present in ... read more

Enzyme Malfunction May Be Why Binge Drinking Can Lead to Alcoholism, Study Finds

Oct. 1, 2015 — A malfunctioning enzyme may be a reason that binge drinking increases the odds of alcoholism, according to a study. The scientists identified a previously unsuspected job performed by the enzyme, in ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Researchers use brain scans to determine the mechanism behind cognitive control of ... read more

Brain Chemical Aids Tic Control in Tourette Syndrome, Say Researchers

Oct. 1, 2015 — A chemical in the brain could potentially be harnessed to help young people with Tourette Syndrome to overcome the physical and vocal tics associated with the neurological disorder, say ... read more

Glutamate: Essential Food for the Brain

Oct. 1, 2015 — Glutamate is an amino acid with very different functions: in the pancreas, it modulates the activity of the pancreatic ß--cells responsible for insulin production, whereas in the brain it is the ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Circadian rhythms help everything from plants to humans coordinate with the daily light-dark cycle, but how this natural clock keeps accurate time, or why it goes awry in people with sleep disorders, ... read more

Screening for Mental Health Issues in a Pediatric Emergency Department

Oct. 1, 2015 — Investigators piloted a brief mental health screening tool to be used with patients accessing the emergency department for medical complaints who might be at risk for mental health problems. Of the ... read more

Doctors Trained to Be Confidantes for Risk-Taking Teenagers

Oct. 1, 2015 — Doctors have successfully reduced risk-taking behavior in teenagers and young people, in a world-first trial, say authors of a new report. The researchers recommend trainee doctors should be taught ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that reactivation of ancient viral genes embedded in the human genome may cause the destruction of neurons in some forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The results ... read more

Scientists Identify Key Receptor as Potential Target for Treatment of Autism

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists have uncovered a significant -- and potentially treatable -- relationship between a chemical that helps transmit signals in the brain and genetic mutations present in a subset of ... read more

Experimental Cancer Drug Shows Therapeutic Promise in Mouse Models of Multiple Sclerosis

Sep. 30, 2015 — An experimental drug originally identified in a National Cancer Institute library of chemical compounds as a potential therapy for brain and basal cell cancers improves the symptoms of mice with a ... read more

Insight on How a New Class of Antidepressants Works

Sep. 30, 2015 — The experimental drugs target brain cells’ ability to respond to the chemical messenger glutamate, however, it has been unclear how they work. The recent discovery of a molecular amplification ... read more

Study's Message to Recovering Alcoholics: Quit Smoking to Stay Sober

Sep. 30, 2015 — Adult smokers with a history of problem drinking who continue smoking are at a greater risk of relapsing three years later compared with adults who do not smoke. While treatments for alcohol abuse ... read more

Antipsychotics Increase Risk of Death in People With Parkinson's Disease Psychosis

Sep. 30, 2015 — Antipsychotic drugs may increase the risk of death in people with Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP), according to a new study. PDP affects more than 50 per cent of people with Parkinson's ... read more

Cognitive-Behavioral Prevention Program for Teens at-Risk of Depression Shows Benefit

Sep. 30, 2015 — A cognitive-behavioral prevention program for depression among at-risk youth showed benefit more than 6 years after the implementation of the intervention, according to a new ... read more

Sep. 30, 2015 — When it comes to treating depression, how well a person responds to a fake medicine may determine how well they'll respond to a real one, new research finds. Those who can muster their ... read more

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