Disorders and Syndromes News
December 2, 2015

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updated 2:03am EST

More Disorders and Syndromes News
December 2, 2015

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new genetic model has been developed that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry. Damage to astrocytes -- star-shaped cells found in the brain and spinal cord -- is ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Many human gene variants have evolved specifically to protect older adults against neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, thus preserving their contributions to society, report ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — The active ingredient in aspirin blocks an enzyme that triggers cell death in several neurodegenerative diseases. More potent forms of salicylic aspirin exist, which may provide treatments for these ... read more

Parental Absence Affects Brain Development in Children

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers have found that children who have been left without direct parental care for extended periods of time show larger gray matter volumes in the brain, according to a new ... read more

How Can I Tell If They're Lying?

Nov. 27, 2015 — Sarcasm, white lies and teasing can be difficult to identify for those with certain disorders. For those who suffer from diseases like Alzheimer's or Parkinson's, or neurodevelopmental ... read more

Synapse Discovery Could Lead to New Treatments for Alzheimer's Disease

Nov. 27, 2015 — A team of scientists has discovered how connections between brain cells are destroyed in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease -- work that opens up a new avenue for research on possible ... read more

Nov. 27, 2015 — Even patients over the age of 75 may recover from severe traumatic brain injury, suggests new research. This is the first study to describe the results of surgically treated elderly patients with ... read more

Cognitive Behavior Therapy Can Help Overcome Fear of the Dentist

Nov. 27, 2015 — Cognitive behavioral therapy could help many people with a dental phobia overcome their fear of visiting the dentist and enable them to receive dental treatment without the need to be sedated, ... read more

White Matter Damage Caused by 'Skunk-Like' Cannabis, Study Shows

Nov. 27, 2015 — Smoking high potency 'skunk-like' cannabis can damage a crucial part of the brain responsible for communication between the two brain hemispheres, according to a new ... read more

New Technology Promises Fast, Accurate Stroke Diagnosis

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new approach to identifying biomarkers in blood has proven successful in helping diagnose stroke, and the technology could be expanded to diagnose such conditions as concussion, some forms of ... read more

Willingness to Adopt Children With Special Needs the Focus of Recent Study

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new study has focused on the attitudes and preferences of prospective adoptive parents in Canada. The study examined the preferences and attitudes of 5,830 AdoptOntario online registrants between ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Before the fluid of the middle ear drains and sound waves penetrate for the first time, the inner ear cells of newborn rodents practice for their big debut. Researchers report they have figured out ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — The burst of energy and hyperactivity that comes with a cocaine high is a rather accurate reflection of what's going on in the brain of its users, finds a study. Through experiments conducted in ... read more

Structural Brain Connectivity as a Genetic Marker for Schizophrenia

Nov. 25, 2015 — Schizophrenia has been considered an illness of disrupted brain connectivity since its earliest descriptions. Several studies have suggested brain white matter is affected not only in patients with ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Exercise can enhance the development of new brain cells in the adult brain, a process called adult neurogenesis. These newborn brain cells play an important role in learning and memory. A new study ... read more

Ultrasound Examinations Can Identify Patients at Risk of Stroke

Nov. 25, 2015 — Ultrasound, a non-invasive technique commonly used to study the presence of atherosclerosis disease in blood vessels, can be used to identify patients at increased risk of future stroke who could ... read more

Combination Therapy Can Prevent Cytostatic Resistance

Nov. 25, 2015 — Researchers have found a new way of preventing resistance to cytostatics used in the treatment of cancers such as medulloblastoma, the most common form of malignant brain tumor in children. The ... read more

New Diet Provides Hope for Treating Patients With Drug Resistant Epilepsy

Nov. 25, 2015 — A specific diet can be used to help treat patients with uncontrolled epilepsy, a new study indicates. The findings reveal how the ketogenic diet acts to block seizures in patients with drug-resistant ... read more

Researchers Urge Caution in Prescribing Commonly Used Drug to Treat ADHD

Nov. 24, 2015 — Authors of new Cochrane Review remain uncertain about effect of widely used medicine on ADHD symptoms, despite large amount of research. Some evidence of increased sleeplessness and loss of appetite ... read more

Immune-Disorder Treatment in Mice Holds Potential for Multiple Sclerosis Patients

Nov. 24, 2015 — A simple, rapid way to treat an immune-related disorder in mice has been identified by researchers, an approach that could eventually help multiple sclerosis patients after further ... read more

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