Disorders and Syndromes News
August 4, 2015

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
August 4, 2015

Understanding Molecular Mechanism Leading to Addiction in Humans

Aug. 4, 2015 — A new study opens the field to new understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying addiction in humans. The team found that humans with mutation of a key gene for this co-transmission were 10 ... read more

Teen Marijuana Use Not Linked to Later Depression, Lung Cancer, Other Health Problems, Study Finds

Aug. 4, 2015 — Chronic marijuana use by teenage boys does not appear to be linked to later physical or mental health issues such as depression, psychotic symptoms or asthma, according to a new ... read more

Analysis of Post Deployment Health Assessment Forms Indicates Risks of Alcohol Abuse Among Service Members Returning from Deployment

July 31, 2015 — An analysis of responses to questionnaires administered to U.S. active component service members who had returned from deployment during a 7-year surveillance period found that 3.4 percent and 4.8 ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A social skills program for high-functioning young adults with autism spectrum disorder significantly improved the participants' ability to engage with their peers, a new study has ... read more

Depressed Females Have Over-Active Glutamate Receptor Gene

July 30, 2015 — Numerous genes that regulate the activity of a neurotransmitter in the brain have been found to be abundant in brain tissue of depressed females. This could be an underlying cause of the higher ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Do you ever notice how stress and mental frustration can affect your physical abilities? When you are worried about something at work, do you find yourself more exhausted at the end of the day? This ... read more

Positive Reinforcement Plays Key Role in Cognitive Task Performance in ADHD Kids

July 30, 2015 — A little recognition for a job well done means a lot to children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder -- more so than it would for typically developing ... read more

Take a Trip Through the Brain: New Imaging Tool

July 30, 2015 — A new imaging tool could do for the brain what the telescope did for space exploration. In the first demonstration of how the technology works, the researchers look inside the brain of an adult mouse ... read more

Trying to Quit Smoking? First Strengthen Self-Control

July 30, 2015 — The desire to quit smoking -- often considered a requirement for enrolling in treatment programs -- is not always necessary to reduce cigarette cravings, argues a review of addiction research. Early ... read more

Depressive Ruminations and the Idling Brain

July 30, 2015 — Depressed people often find themselves preoccupied with guilty, shameful, or self-defeating thoughts for large parts of their day. These thoughts not only distract from other activities but also fail ... read more

Blood Test Predicts Prognosis for Traumatic Brain Injuries

July 30, 2015 — A new blood test could help emergency room doctors quickly diagnose traumatic brain injury and determine its severity. The findings could help identify patients who might benefit from extra therapy ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Older Americans receive prescriptions for mental health drugs at more than twice the rate that younger adults do, but they're much less likely to be getting their mental health care from a ... read more

Prescription for Medical Students: A Day at the Art Museum?

July 29, 2015 — With the growing number of people with Alzheimer's disease, understanding their care is vital for doctors. Yet medical students often just learn the facts and may only see people with advanced ... read more

Generalized Anxiety Disorders Twice as Likely in Those With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

July 29, 2015 — People who have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, have twice the odds of having a generalized anxiety disorder at some point in their lives when ... read more

Early Prosocial Behavior Good Predictor of Kids' Future

July 29, 2015 — Kindergarteners' social-emotional skills are a significant predictor of their future education, employment and criminal activity, among other outcomes, according to a ... read more

July 29, 2015 — The formation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which allows understanding the unexpected behavior of some antagonists that block physiological responses, has been the focus of recent ... read more

Key Factor for Stability of Capillaries in Brain Identified

July 29, 2015 — The brain needs a lot of oxygen – so every last corner of the brain’s tissue is served by a dense network of fine blood vessels. When these capillaries are damaged by high blood pressure or age, ... read more

Study Finds Brain Chemicals That Keep Wakefulness in Check

July 29, 2015 — Mice that have a particular brain chemical switched off become hyperactive and sleep for just 65 per cent of their normal time, a new study shows. This discovery could help researchers to develop new ... read more

Adolescents With Sleep Problems More Likely to Self-Harm

July 29, 2015 — There is a strong relationship between sleep problems such as insomnia, and self-harm, according to findings in a new Norwegian study. The researchers say that depressive symptoms accounted for some, ... read more

July 29, 2015 — After more than two-years of international investigation, scientists have concluded that Napoleon likely would have conquered Russia in 1812 if not for the life-saving brain surgery performed on ... read more

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