Disorders and Syndromes News
October 7, 2015

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
October 7, 2015

Many Use Prescription Painkillers, Most See Abuse as Major Health Concern

Oct. 7, 2015 — More than one in four Americans has taken prescription painkillers in the past year, even as a majority say that abuse of these medications is a very serious public health concern, according to new ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — It's the most common cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia, but until now scientists weren't sure how a specific gene caused these devastating diseases. ... read more

Happy Head, Happy Heart: Positive Emotions May Promote Heart-Healthy Behaviors

Oct. 5, 2015 — People with heart disease may benefit from maintaining positive emotions, according to health researchers. The researchers assessed psychological well-being of participants at baseline and again at a ... read more

Horse Sickness Shares Signs of Human Brain Disorders, Study Finds

Oct. 5, 2015 — Horses with a rare nerve condition have similar signs of disease as people with conditions such as Alzheimer's, a new study has found. The findings shed new light on the causes of the rare but ... read more

Face-to-Face Socializing More Powerful Than Phone Calls, Emails in Guarding Against Depression

Oct. 5, 2015 — In a slight knock on digital and telephone communications, a new study points to the unsurpassed mental health benefits of regular face-to-face social interactions among older adults. Study ... read more

Stimulant Medication Safe, Effective for Children With ADHD and Congenital Heart Disease

Oct. 5, 2015 — Children with congenital heart disease and ADHD can take stimulant medications without fear of significant cardiovascular side effects, a new study ... read more

Does Knowing High-Status People Help or Hurt?

Oct. 2, 2015 — How happy you are may have something to do with who you know -- and where you come from. A sociology professor, set out to discover whether knowing high-status people helped or harmed mental health, ... read more

High-Fructose Diet Slows Recovery from Brain Injury

Oct. 2, 2015 — A diet high in processed fructose sabotages rat brains’ ability to heal after head trauma, neuroscientists report. Revealing a link between nutrition and brain health, the finding offers ... read more

New Study Removes Cancer Doubt for Multiple Sclerosis Drug

Oct. 1, 2015 — Researchers are calling on the medical community to reconsider developing a known drug to treat people with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) after new evidence shows it does not increase the risk of ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Our brain cells have different genomes from one another. The study shows for the first time that mutations in somatic cells -- that is, any cell in the body except sperm and eggs -- are present in ... read more

Enzyme Malfunction May Be Why Binge Drinking Can Lead to Alcoholism, Study Finds

Oct. 1, 2015 — A malfunctioning enzyme may be a reason that binge drinking increases the odds of alcoholism, according to a study. The scientists identified a previously unsuspected job performed by the enzyme, in ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Researchers use brain scans to determine the mechanism behind cognitive control of ... read more

Brain Chemical Aids Tic Control in Tourette Syndrome, Say Researchers

Oct. 1, 2015 — A chemical in the brain could potentially be harnessed to help young people with Tourette Syndrome to overcome the physical and vocal tics associated with the neurological disorder, say ... read more

Glutamate: Essential Food for the Brain

Oct. 1, 2015 — Glutamate is an amino acid with very different functions: in the pancreas, it modulates the activity of the pancreatic ß--cells responsible for insulin production, whereas in the brain it is the ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Circadian rhythms help everything from plants to humans coordinate with the daily light-dark cycle, but how this natural clock keeps accurate time, or why it goes awry in people with sleep disorders, ... read more

Screening for Mental Health Issues in a Pediatric Emergency Department

Oct. 1, 2015 — Investigators piloted a brief mental health screening tool to be used with patients accessing the emergency department for medical complaints who might be at risk for mental health problems. Of the ... read more

Doctors Trained to Be Confidantes for Risk-Taking Teenagers

Oct. 1, 2015 — Doctors have successfully reduced risk-taking behavior in teenagers and young people, in a world-first trial, say authors of a new report. The researchers recommend trainee doctors should be taught ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that reactivation of ancient viral genes embedded in the human genome may cause the destruction of neurons in some forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The results ... read more

Scientists Identify Key Receptor as Potential Target for Treatment of Autism

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists have uncovered a significant -- and potentially treatable -- relationship between a chemical that helps transmit signals in the brain and genetic mutations present in a subset of ... read more

Experimental Cancer Drug Shows Therapeutic Promise in Mouse Models of Multiple Sclerosis

Sep. 30, 2015 — An experimental drug originally identified in a National Cancer Institute library of chemical compounds as a potential therapy for brain and basal cell cancers improves the symptoms of mice with a ... read more

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