Disorders and Syndromes News
September 1, 2015

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
September 1, 2015

Reading Emotions in a Second Language

Sep. 1, 2015 — If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well. If, however, the text is not in our mother tongue but in a second language, then our mind and body react in ... read more

Possible New Weapon Against PTSD

Sep. 1, 2015 — Animals who underwent chronic stress prior to a traumatic experience engaged a distinctive brain pathway that encodes traumatic memories more strongly than in unstressed animals, new research ... read more

Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders in Primary Care Increases Patient Access

Aug. 31, 2015 — Expanding the number of sites offering office-based opioid treatment with buprenorphine utilizing addiction nurse care managers, trainings and technical support resulted in more physicians becoming ... read more

Depressed Patients Have More Frequent Chest Pain Even in the Absence of Coronary Artery Disease

Aug. 31, 2015 — Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease, according to results. The findings suggest that pain and depression may share a common neurochemical ... read more

A Single Cocaine Dose Lowers Perceptions of Sadness and Anger

Aug. 30, 2015 — A single dose of cocaine can interfere with the ability to recognize negative emotions such as anger and sadness, according to new ... read more

Depression and Extremes of Blood Pressure Predict Highest Rates of Harmful Vascular Events

Aug. 29, 2015 — Depressive symptoms and extremes of blood pressure predict the highest rates of harmful vascular events in patients with existing heart disease, diabetes or stroke, according to new ... read more

Confidence in Parenting Could Help Break Cycle of Abuse

Aug. 29, 2015 — To understand how confidence in parenting may predict parenting behaviors in women who were abused as children, psychologists have found that mothers who experienced more types of maltreatment as ... read more

Borderline Personality Traits Linked to Lowered Empathy

Aug. 29, 2015 — Those with borderline personality disorder, or BPD, a mental illness marked by unstable moods, often experience trouble maintaining interpersonal relationships. New research indicates that this may ... read more

Medicinal Marijuana: Patients Battle Stigma and Misunderstanding

Aug. 28, 2015 — New research examines the experiences of California residents who have been prescribed medical marijuana and the stigma they experience from public opinion.  The findings indicate that the stigma of ... read more

Brain Scans Predict Response to Antipsychotic Medications

Aug. 28, 2015 — Investigators have discovered that brain scans can be used to predict patients' response to antipsychotic drug ... read more

Goth Teens Could Be More Vulnerable to Depression and Self-Harm

Aug. 27, 2015 — Young people who identify with the goth subculture might be at increased risk of depression and self-harm, according to new ... read more

Degenerating Neurons Respond to Gene Therapy Treatment for Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 27, 2015 — Degenerating neurons in patients with Alzheimer's disease measurably responded to an experimental gene therapy in which nerve growth factor was injected into their brains, report ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Neuroscientists have discovered a set of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain that broadcast messages throughout the cerebral cortex, rapidly informing multiple distributed subregions of any ... read more

Creative and Neurotic: Is Neuroticism Fueled by Overthinking?

Aug. 27, 2015 — Psychologists have presented a new theory for why neurotic unhappiness and creativity go hand-in-hand. The authors argue that the part of the brain responsible for self-generated thought is highly ... read more

Parkinson’s Disease Brain Cells at Risk of Burnout, Like an Overheating Motor

Aug. 27, 2015 — The death of brain cells in Parkinson’s disease may be caused by a form of cellular energy crisis in neurons that require unusually high quantities of energy to carry out their job of regulating ... read more

Alzheimer’s Disease Thought to Be Accelerated by an Abnormal Build-Up of Fat in the Brain

Aug. 27, 2015 — People with Alzheimer’s disease have fat deposits in the brain. For the first time since the disease was described 109 years ago, researchers have discovered accumulations of fat droplets in the ... read more

About 10 Percent of Mothers Experienced Depression Two Years After Hurricane Katrina

Aug. 27, 2015 — About 10 percent of mothers experienced chronic, persistent depressive symptoms two years after Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast, killing more than 1,800 people, displacing hundreds of ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have tested a new device for delivering hormone treatments for mental illness through the nose. This method was found to deliver medicine to the brain with few side ... read more

Suicide: Difficulty Making Good Choices Is One of the Factors That Make Certain People Vulnerable to Suicide

Aug. 27, 2015 — Few people who face challenges or live with severe depression commit suicide. Some people are clearly more vulnerable than others. A series of studies has shown that the way in which a person makes ... read more

Differences in Brain Structure and Memory Suggest Adolescents May Not ‘grow out Of’ ADHD

Aug. 27, 2015 — Young adults diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence show differences in brain structure and perform poorly in memory tests compared to their peers, according to ... read more

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