Disorders and Syndromes News
July 3, 2015

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
July 3, 2015

How the Stress Hormone Cortisol Reinforces Traumatic Memories

July 1, 2015 — The stress hormone cortisol strengthens memories of scary experiences. However, it is effective not only while the memory is being formed for the first time, but also later when people look back at ... read more

People With Epilepsy Can Benefit from Smartphone Apps to Manage Their Condition

July 1, 2015 — While many people with epilepsy can control their seizures with medication, those unpredictable and involuntary changes in behavior and consciousness can be limiting for others. Neurologists ... read more

June 30, 2015 — People with blue eyes might have a greater chance of becoming alcoholics, according to a unique new study by genetic ... read more

For Women With Bipolar Disorder, Sleep Quality Affects Mood

June 30, 2015 — Poor sleep is associated with negative mood in women with bipolar disorder, according to researchers. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels ... read more

Sialic Acid: Key to Unlocking Brain Disorders

June 30, 2015 — A common molecule found in higher animals, including humans, affects brain structure, researchers report. They found that mice that had altered sialic acid attachment had significant neurological ... read more

June 30, 2015 — The brains of people with recurrent depression have a significantly smaller hippocampus -- the part of the brain most associated with forming new memories -- than healthy individuals, a new global ... read more

Small RNAs Found to Play Important Roles in Memory Formation

June 30, 2015 — A type of genetic material called “microRNA” plays surprisingly different roles in the formation of memory in animal models, researchers have found. In some cases, these RNAs increase memory, ... read more

PTSD, Traumatic Experiences May Raise Heart Attack, Stroke Risk in Women

June 29, 2015 — Women with severe PTSD or traumatic events may have a 60 percent higher lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease. The study is the first to examine trauma exposure, PTSD, and onset of cardiovascular ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a key mechanism underlying how animals keep track of the seasons. The study shows how circadian clock machinery in the brain encodes seasonal changes in daylight duration ... read more

Feeling Impulsive or Frustrated? Take a Nap

June 29, 2015 — It's becoming increasingly common for people, especially adults, to not sleep an entire night. This can negatively impair a person's attention span and memory, as well as contribute to ... read more

Two Techniques of Temporal Migraine Surgery Are 'Equally Effective'

June 29, 2015 — Two migraine surgery techniques targeting a specific "trigger site" are both highly effective in reducing the frequency and severity of migraine headaches, according to a randomized ... read more

Reassurance Can Be as Important as Waiting Times for Ambulance Patients

June 29, 2015 — Ambulance services should be assessed on how reassured patients and their families feel during an emergency as well as on response times, researchers have found. Offering reassurance to patients and ... read more

On the Brink of Chaos: Physicists Find Phase Transition in Visual Cortex

June 29, 2015 — Intense visual input forces the brain into a brief moment of chaos, but the visual cortex spontaneously returns the brain to its optimal function, physicists have found. The finding advances ... read more

Microtubule 'Roadway' in the Retina Helps Provide Energy for Vision

June 29, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a thick band of microtubules in certain neurons in the retina that they believe acts as a transport road for mitochondria that help provide energy required for visual ... read more

Genes Add Risk to Depression

June 29, 2015 — People born with a particular gene variant have a greater risk of developing depressions, a recent study shows. Depression has been relatively under-researched, and clinicians are not, generally, ... read more

June 27, 2015 — A specific calcium channel plays a crucial role in deep, slow-wave sleep, scientists have discovered. This is a key step toward understanding both normal and abnormal waking brain ... read more

High Blood Pressure Linked to Reduced Alzheimer's Risk, Meds May Be Reason

June 26, 2015 — People with a genetic predisposition to high blood pressure have a lower risk for Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests. However, authors conclude the connection may have more to do with ... read more

June 26, 2015 — Studies on mice reveal that a special protein in the brain's tiniest blood vessels may affect the risk of stroke. Scientists are learning how the blood-brain barrier develops and what makes the ... read more

Long-Acting Antipsychotic Medication May Improve Treatment for Schizophrenia

June 26, 2015 — An injectable drug given every two weeks works better than a daily pill for those who have been recently diagnosed with schizophrenia, a study ... read more

SSRI Antidepressants Taken for Menopausal Symptoms May Boost Bone Fracture Risk

June 26, 2015 — The class of antidepressants known as SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), taken to curb menopausal symptoms, may boost bone fracture risk, suggests new ... read more

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