Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Young adults with chronic illnesses have poorer educational, vocational and financial outcomes

Date:
March 7, 2011
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Most young adults who grow up with chronic illness graduate high school and have employment, but those with cancer, diabetes or epilepsy are significantly less likely than their healthy peers to achieve important educational and vocational milestones, according to a new article.

Most young adults who grow up with chronic illness graduate high school and have employment, but those with cancer, diabetes, or epilepsy are significantly less likely than their healthy peers to achieve important educational and vocational milestones, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.

"In the United States, despite the variation in estimates, it is generally accepted that as many as 12 percent of children have special health care needs, including physical and emotional problems," the authors write as background information in the article. "With improved medical care during the past 40 years, most children with chronic illnesses survive into adulthood."

Gary R. Maslow, M.D., of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and colleagues analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to examine young adult outcomes in a nationally representative group of young men and women in the U.S. growing up with a chronic illness. The sample included 13,236 young adults aged 18 to 28. Those with asthma or non-asthmatic chronic illness -- cancer, diabetes mellitus, or epilepsy -- were compared with individuals who did not have these conditions.

Sixteen percent of the young adults in the sample had asthma, and 3 percent had cancer, diabetes, or epilepsy.

"Most young adults with chronic illness graduated high school (81.3 percent) and currently had employment (60.4 percent)," the authors report. "However, compared with healthy young adults, those with non-asthmatic chronic illness were significantly less likely to graduate high school, ever have had employment, or currently have employment and were more likely to receive public assistance."

Young adults with non-asthmatic chronic illness also had significantly worse young adult outcomes on all measures than those with asthma. "The non-asthmatic chronic illness group was less likely to have graduated high school, to ever have had employment, and to currently have employment and more likely to receive support from SNAP [the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program], to receive SSI/disability insurance, and to live with a parent/guardian," the authors write.

The authors believe continued efforts are needed to support children growing up with chronic illness to become successful adults -- especially interventions that target educational attainment and vocational readiness.

"Pediatricians can play a role in promoting successful young adult outcomes by recognizing that such patients are at increased risk for educational, vocational, and financial problems," they conclude.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. G. R. Maslow, A. A. Haydon, C. A. Ford, C. T. Halpern. Young Adult Outcomes of Children Growing Up With Chronic Illness: An Analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 2011; 165 (3): 256 DOI: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.287

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Young adults with chronic illnesses have poorer educational, vocational and financial outcomes." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 March 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110307161855.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2011, March 7). Young adults with chronic illnesses have poorer educational, vocational and financial outcomes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110307161855.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Young adults with chronic illnesses have poorer educational, vocational and financial outcomes." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110307161855.htm (accessed April 18, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Friday, April 18, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Study On Artists' Brain Shows They're 'Structurally Unique'

Study On Artists' Brain Shows They're 'Structurally Unique'

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The brains of artists aren't really left-brain or right-brain, but rather have extra neural matter in visual and motor control areas. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Is Apathy A Sign Of A Shrinking Brain?

Is Apathy A Sign Of A Shrinking Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) A recent study links apathetic feelings to a smaller brain. Researchers say the results indicate a need for apathy screening for at-risk seniors. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Are School Dress Codes Too Strict?

Are School Dress Codes Too Strict?

AP (Apr. 16, 2014) Pushing the limits on style and self-expression is a rite of passage for teens and even younger kids. How far should schools go with their dress codes? The courts have sided with schools in an era when school safety is paramount. (April 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) A new study conducted by researchers at Northwestern and Harvard suggests even casual marijuana use can alter your brain. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins