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Inappropriate psychotropics are more often used by elderly with low income, study suggests

Date:
April 20, 2011
Source:
Nordic School of Public Health
Summary:
Every fifth elderly person uses inappropriate psychotropic drugs with an increased risk for adverse events, despite that safer alternatives are available. Elderly with low income more often use such inappropriate drugs, according to new research.

Every fifth elderly person uses inappropriate psychotropic drugs with an increased risk for adverse events, despite that safer alternatives are available. Elderly with low income more often use such inappropriate drugs, according to Eva Les้n's thesis from the Nordic School of Public Health, NHV.

Elderly persons often have several diseases and use many drugs; they are also more sensitive to drugs compared to younger persons. Use of more drugs than necessary tends to occur among the elderly, however, underuse of drugs and use of inappropriate types of drugs also occur. Psychotropic drugs, such as hypnotics, anxiolytics and antidepressant drugs, are common among the elderly.

"Every fifth person aged 75 years and older in Sweden use inappropriate psychotropic drugs with an increased risk for adverse effects, such as daytime drowsiness, cognitive decline or falls. This despite that safer alternatives are available," says Eva Les้n, who will defend her thesis "Psychotropic drugs among the elderly" at NHV on May 6th.

Low income worse drugs

The thesis also suggests inequities in the use of psychotropic drugs among the elderly, since those with low income more often use the inappropriate psychotropic drugs. The results suggest an association between income level and use of inappropriate drugs. This may be in conflict with the aims of equity in the health care, where all individuals should be entitled to health care, including drugs, based on their needs, irrespective of their age, sex or status in society.

"The use of drugs should instead be based on clinical factors and patient needs," says Eva Les้n. "The deficiencies and inequities in the use of drugs among the elderly that have been identified in these studies suggest a great public health problem. But we also see improvements over time. Sales of inappropriate psychotropics decreased during the years 2000-2008, while the recommended psychotropics increased."

Too many drugs

The elderly often use many drugs, but underuse of drugs is also present. Antidepressant drugs can be effective for depression among the elderly. However, the findings in the thesis show that only one out of ten 95-year olds with depression use these drugs, while hypnotics were used by more than half.

"This pattern suggests that depressions among the oldest people are not sufficiently recognised and that the symptoms, such as sleeping problems and anxiety, are treated instead. There is thus a large room for improvement," Eva Les้n states. "Regular and systematic reviews of drug use among the elderly could improve the situation for a large part of the elderly population. This would be beneficial for the entire society."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Nordic School of Public Health. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Nordic School of Public Health. "Inappropriate psychotropics are more often used by elderly with low income, study suggests." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 April 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110420125016.htm>.
Nordic School of Public Health. (2011, April 20). Inappropriate psychotropics are more often used by elderly with low income, study suggests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110420125016.htm
Nordic School of Public Health. "Inappropriate psychotropics are more often used by elderly with low income, study suggests." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110420125016.htm (accessed October 21, 2014).

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