Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

The cost of disabilities could reach 77.2% of household income

Date:
January 4, 2012
Source:
Plataforma SINC
Summary:
Researchers have for the first time estimated the cost and impact of disabilities on the finances of disabled people. According to data, 90% of the population with a serious disability in Spain is in a state of moderate poverty and 56% lives in a state of extreme poverty.

A team of researchers have for the first time estimated the cost and impact of disabilities on the finances of disabled people. According to data, 90% of the population with a serious disability in Spain is in a state of moderate poverty and 56% lives in a state of extreme poverty.

"With a compared and contrasted methodology, our study shows how high the cost of being dependent can be and how much it can contribute to increasing poverty," explains Francisco Javier Braña Pino, researcher at the University of Salamanca (Spain) and author of the recent study that analyses the relationship between disabilities and a precarious economic situation.

According to the report, the cost of moderate disability (when daily activity is partially limited) is around 40% of household income whereas the cost of severe disability rises to account for 70%.

Braña states that "without taking into account income corrections (estimated disability expenses) the disabled population shows incidence, intensity and severity of poverty that are substantially higher than the national average in Spain."

Furthermore, when total household income is adjusted to take into account such costs, more than 90% of those suffering from a severe disability enter into moderate poverty and 56% into extreme poverty.

According to Braña, "this situation contributes to increasing total poverty in Spain from 20% before the income adjustment to 27% after."

According to data from the Living Conditions Survey, the additional costs of disabilities have more of a devastating effect on poverty in Spain. "In general, our estimations put the cost of disability in Spain above those seen in neighbouring countries with a similar level of development," warns the researcher.

Braña declares that "with this study we hope to show the long road ahead in creating equality for disabled people which, in other words, means getting rid of the income and conversion handicaps."

One of the causes of poverty

Previous studies show that disabilities constitute one of the prominent causes of poverty. "On the one hand, disabled people lose income either through not being able to find work or from being in poor quality employment," outlines Braña. "Furthermore, given their special requirements, general well-being is more difficult to achieve with what they can afford or they may be in need of a higher income to do so."

There are extra costs associated with disabilities arising from the fact that disabled people may require things (such as heating) in greater quantities than non-disabled people. Extra costs also come from specifics goods that may be required (such as diapers) and even lower productivity of consumed goods.

In the same way, the author reminds us that "although it may not be as clear in developed countries, poverty may also cause disabilities."

The data collected from the Living Conditions Surveys since 1987 show that people from underprivileged social groups have poorer health and greater limitations in normal activity and they suffer from chronic disorders more frequently than those belonging to more privileged social groups. This applies mainly to women.

The cost of disabilities

Since the 1970's, studies have been carried out that attempt to estimate the cost of disabilities so that it can be applied to public aid headed to those affected. This is the case in Australia, the USA, Ireland, and the UK.

Braña's study used the 2007 Living Conditions Survey, which brings together information relating to household income levels as well as the social and demographic characteristics of the participants.

The researchers used a total sample of more than 28,000 adults. Braña adds that "according to our definition, approximately 2,700 of the total had a disability and over 2,100 could be considered dependent."

This situation is recognised in the social protection systems of many countries, which provide aid, whether in the form of direct or tax expenses, to make up for the higher consumption costs linked to disabilities.

Braña states that "in Spain a disabled person receives less aid than in countries where such studies have been performed, with the exception of the USA."

From this analysis, the authors of the study declare that a rethink of social and economic policy is required if the situation in Spain is to be improved. Braña concludes that "as the application of Spanish Act on care for dependent persons shows, building a welfare state creates employment even in times of severe crisis, like the one we are experiencing now."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Plataforma SINC. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Plataforma SINC. "The cost of disabilities could reach 77.2% of household income." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 January 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/01/120104133156.htm>.
Plataforma SINC. (2012, January 4). The cost of disabilities could reach 77.2% of household income. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 29, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/01/120104133156.htm
Plataforma SINC. "The cost of disabilities could reach 77.2% of household income." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/01/120104133156.htm (accessed July 29, 2014).

Share This




More Science & Society News

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Easier Nuclear Construction Promises Fall Short

Easier Nuclear Construction Promises Fall Short

AP (July 29, 2014) — The U.S. nuclear industry started building its first new plants using prefabricated Lego-like blocks meant to save time and prevent the cost overruns that crippled the sector decades ago. So far, it's not working. (July 29) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

AP (July 28, 2014) — A bipartisan deal to improve veterans health care would authorize at least $15 billion in emergency spending to fix a veterans program scandalized by long patient wait times and falsified records. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Carbon Trap: US Exports Global Warming

The Carbon Trap: US Exports Global Warming

AP (July 28, 2014) — AP Investigation: As the Obama administration weans the country off dirty fuels, energy companies are ramping-up overseas coal exports at a heavy price. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Russia Saves Gecko Sex Satellite, Media Has Some Fun With It

Russia Saves Gecko Sex Satellite, Media Has Some Fun With It

Newsy (July 27, 2014) — The satellite is back under ground control after a tense few days, but with a gecko sex experiment on board, the media just couldn't help themselves. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins