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Birds, young children show similar solving abilities for 'Aesop's fable' riddle: At about 8 years old, children's performance changes

Date:
July 25, 2012
Source:
Public Library of Science
Summary:
Birds in the crow family can figure out how to extract a treat from a half-empty glass surprisingly well, and young children show similar patterns of behavior until they reach about eight years old, at which point their performance surpasses that of the birds.

Birds in the crow family can figure out how to extract a treat from a half-empty glass surprisingly well, and young children show similar patterns of behavior until they reach about eight years old, at which point their performance surpasses that of the birds.
Credit: © Anton Harder / Fotolia

Birds in the crow family can figure out how to extract a treat from a half-empty glass surprisingly well, and young children show similar patterns of behavior until they reach about eight years old, at which point their performance surpasses that of the birds. The full report is published July 25 in the open access journal PLoS ONE.

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In the current study, led by Nicola Clayton of the University of Cambridge, researchers used a version of the riddle commonly referred to as "Aesop's fable" to test associative learning and problem-solving ability. In previous work, the researchers presented the birds with a partially filled glass of water, with a worm floating just out of reach. The birds were also offered different tools, like rocks or Styrofoam blocks, and were able to figure out which items, when dropped into the glass, would cause the water level to rise so that they could reach the treat.

In the current paper, the researchers tested the ability of children between the ages of four and ten on a similar task: retrieving a floating token in a number of different scenarios. The researchers found that children between the ages of five and seven performed consistently with the birds; both learned how to accomplish the task after about 5 trials. Children eight years and older succeeded in all tasks on their first try.

According to Lucy Cheke, first author of the publication, the main purpose of the study was to see whether birds and children learn in the same way. She says that, based on the results, it seems they don't: the birds were unable to learn when something apparently impossible happened, while children were able to learn about what was happening even if they had no idea how it was happening. "It is children's job to learn about the world," Cheke says, "and they can't do that when they are limited by a preconceived idea about what is or is not possible. For a child, if it works, it works."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Public Library of Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Lucy G. Cheke, Elsa Loissel, Nicola S. Clayton. How Do Children Solve Aesop's Fable? PLoS ONE, 2012; 7 (7): e40574 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040574

Cite This Page:

Public Library of Science. "Birds, young children show similar solving abilities for 'Aesop's fable' riddle: At about 8 years old, children's performance changes." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 July 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120725200306.htm>.
Public Library of Science. (2012, July 25). Birds, young children show similar solving abilities for 'Aesop's fable' riddle: At about 8 years old, children's performance changes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 27, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120725200306.htm
Public Library of Science. "Birds, young children show similar solving abilities for 'Aesop's fable' riddle: At about 8 years old, children's performance changes." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120725200306.htm (accessed November 27, 2014).

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Aesop's Fable Unlocks How Crows and Kids Think

July 25, 2012 — Scientists have used an age-old fable to help illustrate how we think differently to other animals. The researchers expanded Aesop's fable into three tasks of varying complexity and compared the ... read more

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