Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New research explores why we remember and why we forget

Date:
November 16, 2012
Source:
Association for Psychological Science
Summary:
Psychological scientists are exploring the mechanisms that underlie memory to understand why we remember certain things and why we forget others.

Failure to retrieve memories may not always be a bad thing -- we might, for example, prefer to forget about certain instances of heartbreak or failure in favor of some of the more positive events from our lives.

In the study, "Retrieval-Induced Forgetting Predicts Failure to Recall Negative Autobiographical Memories" Benjamin C. Storm and Tara A. Jobe asked participants to perform a memory task meant to assess retrieval-induced forgetting -- when remembering one piece of information leads to forgetting other information. They also assessed participants' recall for positive and negative memories from their own lives. Storm and Jobe found that participants who displayed lower levels of retrieval-induced forgetting recalled more negative events than positive events.

According to the researchers, this finding suggests that people who have impaired retrieval-induced forgetting may be less capable of inhibiting negative thoughts. Ultimately, this finding may help to shed some light on the relationship between forgetting -- or lack thereof -- and depression.

Intergenerational Transmission of the Reminiscence Bump and Biographical Conflict Knowledge

Historical knowledge is often transmitted through stories passed down from one generation to another. In this study, Svob and Brown examined whether the memories shared by older generations are the same ones remembered by younger generations. The researchers split young adults were split into two groups: those whose parents had lived through political conflict and those whose parents had not. The participants were asked to list 10 important memories from one parent's life and estimate their parent's age during the event. In both groups, the temporal reporting of the memories exhibited a reminiscence bump that was related to the parent's estimated age. According to Svob and Brown, these findings indicate that the reminiscence bump is influenced by sociocultural events.

The above research is authored by Connie Svob and Norman R. Brown.

Decay Versus Interference: A New Look at an Old Interaction

For years, researchers have debated whether memory traces decay with time, whether memory traces interfere with one another, or whether decay and interference occur together. In this study, Altmann and Schunn reexamined Waugh and Norman's 1965 study (often used as support for the interference-only perspective) from the viewpoint that decay and interference occur together. The researchers created a simple formal model based on existing memory theory that took into account both interference and decay and fit this model to Waugh and Norman's original data. The model fit the data well, suggesting that both processes may be at work and demonstrating the importance of a functional, system-level focus in driving memory theory.

The above research is authored by Erik M. Altmann and Christian D. Schunn.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Association for Psychological Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal References:

  1. B. C. Storm, T. A. Jobe. Retrieval-Induced Forgetting Predicts Failure to Recall Negative Autobiographical Memories. Psychological Science, 2012; 23 (11): 1356 DOI: 10.1177/0956797612443837
  2. C. Svob, N. R. Brown. Intergenerational Transmission of the Reminiscence Bump and Biographical Conflict Knowledge. Psychological Science, 2012; 23 (11): 1404 DOI: 10.1177/0956797612445316
  3. E. M. Altmann, C. D. Schunn. Decay Versus Interference: A New Look at an Old Interaction. Psychological Science, 2012; 23 (11): 1435 DOI: 10.1177/0956797612446027

Cite This Page:

Association for Psychological Science. "New research explores why we remember and why we forget." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 November 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121116124559.htm>.
Association for Psychological Science. (2012, November 16). New research explores why we remember and why we forget. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121116124559.htm
Association for Psychological Science. "New research explores why we remember and why we forget." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121116124559.htm (accessed July 24, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) The FDA approved Targiniq ER on Wednesday, a painkiller designed to keep users from abusing it. Like any new medication, however, it has doubters. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Can Watching TV Make You Feel Like A Failure?

Can Watching TV Make You Feel Like A Failure?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) A study by German researchers claims watching TV while you're stressed out can make you feel guilty and like a failure. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

AFP (July 24, 2014) China's elderly population is expanding so quickly that children struggle to look after them, pushing them to do something unexpected in Chinese society- move their parents into a nursing home. Duration: 02:07 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Idaho Boy Helps Brother With Disabilities Complete Triathlon

Idaho Boy Helps Brother With Disabilities Complete Triathlon

Newsy (July 23, 2014) An 8-year-old boy helped his younger brother, who has a rare genetic condition that's confined him to a wheelchair, finish a triathlon. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

    Health News

      Environment News

        Technology News



          Save/Print:
          Share:

          Free Subscriptions


          Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

          Get Social & Mobile


          Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

          Have Feedback?


          Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
          Mobile: iPhone Android Web
          Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
          Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
          Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins