Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

High quality preschool narrows gap between high-risk kids, higher achievers, study finds

Date:
December 4, 2013
Source:
Case Western Reserve University
Summary:
A new study found that children’s readiness in language, math and logic improved significantly by the programs offered at 24 pilot universal prekindergarten pilot program (UPK) sites in Greater Cleveland.

A new study by Case Western Reserve University's social work school found that children's readiness in language, math and logic improved significantly by the programs offered at 24 pilot universal prekindergarten pilot program (UPK) sites in Greater Cleveland.

Specifically, researchers discovered that children at the lowest achievement levels when the study began made the greatest gains and exceeded expectations, narrowing the gap between at-risk children and higher achievers.

The Cuyahoga County's Office of Early Childhood/Invest in Children initiative, created in 1999 to serve the needs of young children, and the Cleveland Foundation funded the research to evaluate and measure the effectiveness of the preschool program.

"High quality preschool settings are a sure bet for helping children get ready for kindergarten, and are particularly effective in helping higher-risk children close the readiness gap," said Robert Fischer, co-director of the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences.

The analysis was presented in the Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk article, "Getting Ready for School: Piloting Universal Prekindergarten in an Urban County."

Researchers studied 204 randomly selected children. Their average age was 3.6 years; 51 percent were girls. The children were from families that were mainly African-American (55 percent), had parents with at least a high school education (70 percent) and few listed English as a second language (7 percent).

Trained observers followed the children at three points between 2008 and 2009, when preschoolers received standard testing in language (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test), math and logic (two Woodcock Johnson-III tests for cognitive ability). Parents were also surveyed about their perceptions of the children's early education experience.

Children scoring below the 25th percentile at baseline on the standardized tests showed gains 3 to 4 times greater than children scoring higher initially. A child's baseline score was shown to be leading predictor of how much growth the child showed while in the preschool setting. Investing early in good preschool education for children between age 3 and 5 proves effective -- and especially those who started at the achievement level below the 50th percentile on standardized testing for their age group, Fischer said.

The study provides policymakers with valuable preschool information that can benefit children in their communities.

Fischer also offered advice on how parents can prepare their children for kindergarten:

• Talking and reading with your children are two crucial practices in preparing your child for school.

• Choose a pre-K setting for your child that is high quality and promotes development and socio-emotional learning.

• If you use a licensed childcare provider, make sure it is high quality.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Case Western Reserve University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Tirth Bhatta et al. Getting Ready for School: Piloting Universal Prekindergarten in an Urban County.. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, December 2013

Cite This Page:

Case Western Reserve University. "High quality preschool narrows gap between high-risk kids, higher achievers, study finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 December 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131204181250.htm>.
Case Western Reserve University. (2013, December 4). High quality preschool narrows gap between high-risk kids, higher achievers, study finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131204181250.htm
Case Western Reserve University. "High quality preschool narrows gap between high-risk kids, higher achievers, study finds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131204181250.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Dieting At A Young Age Might Lead To Harmful Health Habits

Dieting At A Young Age Might Lead To Harmful Health Habits

Newsy (July 30, 2014) Researchers say women who diet at a young age are at greater risk of developing harmful health habits, including eating disorders and alcohol abuse. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

Newsy (July 29, 2014) If you've been looking for love online, there's a chance somebody has been looking at how you're looking. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

Newsy (July 29, 2014) Researchers have found certain facial features can make us seem more attractive or trustworthy. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Newsy (July 27, 2014) A new study shows sleep deprivation can make it harder for people to remember specific details of an event. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile: iPhone Android Web
    Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins