Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

First stroke guidelines for women created

Date:
February 7, 2014
Source:
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Summary:
Despite strokes being on the decline in the U.S., more women are dying from them than are men. Now medical scientists have released guidance on prevention specifically for women.

Stroke is the fourth-leading cause of death for all Americans, and 60 percent of strokes occur in women, according to the American Stroke Association.
Credit: artshotphoto / Fotolia

While stroke occurrences have been on a consistent decline in the United States since the early 1900s, more women are still dying from them than are men. To aid in curbing these deaths, first-of-their-kind stroke-prevention guidelines for women have been released with the help of one University of Alabama at Birmingham expert.

Related Articles


Stroke is the fourth-leading cause of death for all Americans, and 60 percent of strokes occur in women, according to the American Stroke Association.

"Men are physiologically different from women, so preventive tips cannot be one-size-fits-all," explained Virginia Howard, Ph.D., co-author of the new scientific statement Guidelines for the Prevention of Stroke in Women, published from the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association Council on Stroke in the AHA journal Stroke.

"There are many considerations about stroke that might be different for women: Reproductive factors and risk factors more common or stronger in women, like diabetes and atrial fibrillation, might get lost in a general guidelines document," said Howard, UAB professor of epidemiology and a lead investigator for the long-running Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, the nation's largest study aimed at exploring racial and geographic differences in stroke risk factors and stroke occurrence.

The guidelines report stroke risks unique to women and provide scientifically based recommendations on how best to treat them, including:

• Women should be screened for high blood pressure before being prescribed birth control pills, which raise blood pressure in some women.

• Women with a history of high blood pressure before pregnancy should be considered for low-dose aspirin and/or calcium supplement therapy to lower pre-eclampsia risks.

• Women who have had pre-eclampsia have twice the risk of stroke and a fourfold risk of high blood pressure later in life. Therefore, pre-eclampsia should be recognized as a risk factor well after pregnancy, and other risk factors such as smoking, high cholesterol and obesity in these women should be treated early.

• Pregnant women with moderately high blood pressure (150-159 mm Hg/100-109 mm Hg) may be considered for blood pressure medication, whereas expectant mothers with very high blood pressure (160/110 mm Hg or above) should be treated.

"Getting these preventive measures to doctors is exciting because it's an opportunity to start the conversation early; people think stroke is just an 'old person's disease,'" Howard said. "While it generally is, it's also preventable. There are many things women can do at younger ages, during child-bearing years, which can impact stroke risk later in life, so it's an important message to have physicians -- especially OB/GYNs, who may be the only doctors some women see at younger ages -- involved in stroke-prevention care early on."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. C. Bushnell, L. D. McCullough, I. A. Awad, M. V. Chireau, W. N. Fedder, K. L. Furie, V. J. Howard, J. H. Lichtman, L. D. Lisabeth, I. L. Pina, M. J. Reeves, K. M. Rexrode, G. Saposnik, V. Singh, A. Towfighi, V. Vaccarino, M. R. Walters. Guidelines for the Prevention of Stroke in Women: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke, 2014; DOI: 10.1161/%u200B01.str.0000442009.06663.48

Cite This Page:

University of Alabama at Birmingham. "First stroke guidelines for women created." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 February 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140207083621.htm>.
University of Alabama at Birmingham. (2014, February 7). First stroke guidelines for women created. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 31, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140207083621.htm
University of Alabama at Birmingham. "First stroke guidelines for women created." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140207083621.htm (accessed January 31, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, January 31, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

CDC: Get Vaccinated for Measles

CDC: Get Vaccinated for Measles

Reuters - US Online Video (Jan. 30, 2015) The CDC is urging people to get vaccinated for measles amid an outbreak that began at Disneyland and has now infected more than 90 people. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama To Outline New Plan For Personalized Medicine

Obama To Outline New Plan For Personalized Medicine

Newsy (Jan. 30, 2015) President Obama is expected to speak with drugmakers Friday about his Precision Medicine Initiative first introduced last week. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
NFL Concussions Down; Still on Parents' Minds

NFL Concussions Down; Still on Parents' Minds

AP (Jan. 30, 2015) The NFL announced this week that the number of game concussions dropped by a quarter over last season. Still, the dangers of the sport still weigh on players, and parents&apos; minds. (Jan. 30) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
U.S. Wants to Analyze DNA from 1 Million People

U.S. Wants to Analyze DNA from 1 Million People

Reuters - US Online Video (Jan. 30, 2015) The U.S. has proposed analyzing genetic information from more than 1 million American volunteers to learn how genetic variants affect health and disease. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins