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Life after prison: Ex-offenders' stigma management

Date:
August 18, 2014
Source:
University of Cincinnati
Summary:
Researchers have examined how ex-inmates cope with life after prison. Roughly two-thirds of former inmates in the U.S. eventually return to prison, some for committing crimes and others for probation violations. New research studied ex-inmates who were successful in making the transition from prison to civilian life.

Todd Callais, an assistant professor of sociology at UC Blue Ash College, presented his findings on how ex-inmates cope with life after prison at the American Sociological Association (ASA) Annual Meeting, held Aug. 16-19 in San Francisco.

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As part of his three-year research for a new book, Callais conducted in-depth interviews with a total of 60 ex-offenders, but he focused specifically on 13 former inmates for his presentation, titled "Ex-Offenders and Stigma Management: Redemptive Contestation."

Roughly two-thirds of former inmates in the U.S. eventually return to prison, some for committing crimes and others for probation violations. Callais studied ex-inmates who were successful in making the transition from prison to civilian life. The subjects of the research were convicted of felony crimes and had remained out of prison for at least two years after their release.

Callais' research focused on the stigma these ex-offenders carry with them and considered how they develop a positive self-identity and manage how they will be perceived in daily interactions. "There has been a lot of research on social capital as the key to re-entry for ex-offenders, but I didn't think enough had been done to look at the unique stigma faced by this population and how those who successfully stay out of prison manage that stigma," said Callais.

He notes that everyone he interviewed carried some anger about how they were treated by the system -- this counters the idea that they had served their time and should be able to become productive members of society. "I found the people who successfully make the transition to life after prison are those who address this anger and take a somewhat hopeless situation and use that as motivation to redeem themselves," said Callais.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Cincinnati. The original article was written by Pete Gemmer. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Cincinnati. "Life after prison: Ex-offenders' stigma management." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 August 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140818135231.htm>.
University of Cincinnati. (2014, August 18). Life after prison: Ex-offenders' stigma management. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 2, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140818135231.htm
University of Cincinnati. "Life after prison: Ex-offenders' stigma management." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140818135231.htm (accessed March 2, 2015).

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