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Hubble Identifies Source Of Ultraviolet Light In An Old Galaxy

Date:
October 26, 1999
Source:
Space Telescope Science Institute
Summary:
NASA Hubble Space Telescope's exquisite resolution has allowed astronomers to resolve, for the first time, hot blue stars deep inside an elliptical galaxy. Hubble confirms that the ultraviolet light in galaxy M32 comes from a population of 8,000 extremely hot helium-burning stars at a late stage in their lives.

Hubble Space Telescope's exquisite resolution has allowed astronomers to resolve, for the first time, hot blue stars deep inside an elliptical galaxy. The swarm of nearly 8,000 blue stars resembles a blizzard of snowflakes near the core (lower right) of the neighboring galaxy M32, located 2.5 million light-years away in the constellation Andromeda.

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Hubble confirms that the ultraviolet light comes from a population of extremely hot helium-burning stars at a late stage in their lives. Unlike the Sun, which burns hydrogen into helium, these old stars exhausted their central hydrogen long ago, and now burn helium into heavier elements.

The observations, taken in October 1998, were made with the camera mode of the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) in ultraviolet light. The STIS field of view is only a small portion of the entire galaxy, which is 20 times wider on the sky. For reference, the full moon is 70 times wider than the STIS field of view. The bright center of the galaxy was placed on the right side of the image, allowing fainter stars to be seen on the left side of the image.

These results will be published in March 1, 2000 issue of The Astrophysical Journal.

Thirty years ago, the first ultraviolet observations of elliptical galaxies showed that they were surprisingly bright when viewed in ultraviolet light. Before those pioneering UV observations, old groups of stars were assumed to be relatively cool and thus extremely faint in the ultraviolet. Over the years since the initial discovery of this unexpected ultraviolet light, indirect evidence has accumulated that it originates in a population of old, but hot, helium-burning stars. Now Hubble provides the first direct visual evidence.

Nearby elliptical galaxies are thought to be relatively simple galaxies comprised of old stars. Because they are among the brightest objects in the Universe, this simplicity makes them useful for tracing the evolution of stars and galaxies.

Credits: NASA and Thomas M. Brown, Charles W. Bowers, Randy A. Kimble, Allen V. Sweigart (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center) and Henry C. Ferguson (Space Telescope Science Institute).

NOTE TO EDITORS: For additional information, please contact Thomas Brown, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20770, phone: 301-286-5765, e-mail: tbrown@pulsar.gsfc.nasa.gov or Harry Ferguson, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218, phone: 410-338-5098, e-mail: ferguson@stsci.edu.

Image files are available on the Internet at:http://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/pr/1999/40 or via links inhttp://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/latest.html andhttp://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/pictures.html

Higher resolution digital versions (300 dpi JPEG and TIFF) are available at:http://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/pr/1999/40/pr-photos.html


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Space Telescope Science Institute. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Space Telescope Science Institute. "Hubble Identifies Source Of Ultraviolet Light In An Old Galaxy." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 October 1999. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/10/991026075201.htm>.
Space Telescope Science Institute. (1999, October 26). Hubble Identifies Source Of Ultraviolet Light In An Old Galaxy. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 26, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/10/991026075201.htm
Space Telescope Science Institute. "Hubble Identifies Source Of Ultraviolet Light In An Old Galaxy." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/10/991026075201.htm (accessed January 26, 2015).

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