Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Increases In Children With Extended ICU Stays After Cardiac Surgery

Date:
April 9, 2004
Source:
New York University Medical Center And School Of Medicine
Summary:
A study published in the April issue of The Journal of Pediatrics shows that the occurrence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) increases significantly in school-age children who experience extended stays in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) following cardiac surgery.

New York, NY (April 7, 2004) -- A study published in the April issue of The Journal of Pediatrics shows that the occurrence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) increases significantly in school-age children who experience extended stays in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) following cardiac surgery.

The study, led by Dana Connolly, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at New York University School of Medicine in collaboration with Michael Artman, M.D., Director of Pediatric Cardiology at New York University School of Medicine, is the first of its kind to examine the psychosocial responses of school-age children to cardiac surgery. Forty-three families participated in the study, which took place at New York University Medical Center and Children's Medical Center in Dallas. The children from five-to- twelve years of age underwent cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects. Each child was evaluated pre- and post-operatively for PTSD using tools that determine anxiety disorders, nonverbal reasoning, and temperament. None of the children showed signs of PTSD before surgery.

During the post-surgical assessment, researchers found that characteristics of PTSD increased in children who stayed in the ICU for more than 48 hours after surgery. After hospitalization, five (12%) of the children met diagnostic criteria for PTSD, and five (12%) exhibited some of the characteristics of PTSD, including disorganized behavior, nightmares, sleep disorders, and concentration problems. Children exhibiting signs of PTSD were referred to pediatric psychiatrists for further evaluation.

"It's important for parents to look for behavioral changes such as bed wetting, night screams, clinging, and concentration problems once the child comes home from surgery," says Dr. Connolly. Despite efforts to minimize the stress and emotional trauma that can be associated with heart surgery for children and their families, the study showed, for the first time, a clinically significant risk of PTSD after cardiac surgery in pediatric patients.

According to Dr. Artman, "Even though this was a relatively small sample, it is impressive that roughly 1 in 10 children develop full blown post-traumatic stress disorder after undergoing heart surgery. The only factor we found that seemed to correlate with PTSD was a stay of more than 48 hours in the ICU, which is really not very long. Presently, we don't know what factors in the ICU might be contributing, but our new findings clearly demonstrate the need for future research."

Congenital heart disease affects 1 in 100 newborn babies each year, according to the American Heart Association, and is the most common form of birth defect. In the United States, approximately 35,000 children are born with a structural heart defect every year, and many require surgery.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by New York University Medical Center And School Of Medicine. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

New York University Medical Center And School Of Medicine. "Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Increases In Children With Extended ICU Stays After Cardiac Surgery." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 April 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/04/040409094817.htm>.
New York University Medical Center And School Of Medicine. (2004, April 9). Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Increases In Children With Extended ICU Stays After Cardiac Surgery. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 15, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/04/040409094817.htm
New York University Medical Center And School Of Medicine. "Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Increases In Children With Extended ICU Stays After Cardiac Surgery." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/04/040409094817.htm (accessed September 15, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Monday, September 15, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Shocker: Journalists Are Utterly Addicted To Coffee

Shocker: Journalists Are Utterly Addicted To Coffee

Newsy (Sep. 13, 2014) A U.K. survey found that journalists consumed the most amount of coffee, but that's only the tip of the coffee-related statistics iceberg. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Magic Mushrooms' Could Help Smokers Quit

'Magic Mushrooms' Could Help Smokers Quit

Newsy (Sep. 11, 2014) In a small study, researchers found that the majority of long-time smokers quit after taking psilocybin pills and undergoing therapy sessions. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Fat Shaming' Might Actually Cause Weight Gain

'Fat Shaming' Might Actually Cause Weight Gain

Newsy (Sep. 11, 2014) A study for University College London suggests obese people who are discriminated against gain more weight than those who are not. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Common Sleeping, Anxiety Pills Linked To Alzheimer's

Common Sleeping, Anxiety Pills Linked To Alzheimer's

Newsy (Sep. 10, 2014) Researchers found commonly prescribed sleeping and anxiety pills such as Xanax and Valium could lead to an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

    Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile: iPhone Android Web
    Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins