Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Mayo Clinic Finds Ketogenic Diet May Be Started As An Outpatient Treatment For Children With Epilepsy

Date:
October 20, 2004
Source:
Mayo Clinic
Summary:
Results from a Mayo Clinic study that analyzed medical records of epilepsy patients suggest a ketogenic diet, which mimics the effects of starvation, can be successfully implemented with children on an outpatient basis.

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Results from a Mayo Clinic study that analyzed medical records of epilepsy patients suggest a ketogenic diet, which mimics the effects of starvation, can be successfully implemented with children on an outpatient basis.

The study, which appeared in the September issue of Pediatric Neurology, offers data that compared inpatient (treating and staying in the hospital) and outpatient (treating and then returning home) treatments using a ketogenic diet. The researchers said the benefits of outpatient treatment include improved acceptability and ability to maintain and comply with the diet. It also avoids the expense, inconvenience and potential low blood sugar associated with starvation during inpatient initiation. However, the intense educational process that inpatients receive could be preferable for some families and centers.

“Our study shows that it’s possible to begin the diet safely as an outpatient and maintain it without restricting fluids as done in other centers,” says Jeffrey Buchhalter, M.D., of the Pediatric Epilepsy Program in the Department of Neurology at Mayo Clinic and the senior author of the study. “For parents with children who have epilepsy, it means potentially fewer days of lost work while the diet is initiated and more comfort for their child. However, we do recommend that these findings need to be confirmed in a prospective study.”

The Mayo Clinic authors of the study say further study is needed for more definitive answers about the best conditions for implementing and maintaining of the ketogenic diet.

Different diets have been popular in the treatment of epilepsy since ancient times. In the 5th century B.C., Hippocrates reports about a man suffering from epilepsy completely cured by abstinence from food and drink. The ketogenic diet, which is very high in fats and low in carbohydrates, was first developed almost 80 years ago. It makes the body burn fat for energy instead of glucose. The diet mimics the effects of starvation. When carefully monitored by a medical team familiar with its use, the diet helps two out of three epileptic children and may prevent seizures in one out of three, according to the Epilepsy Foundation. The diet has to be rigidly controlled. Any deviation can produce a seizure if the patient is thrown out of ketosis, a presence in the blood of abnormally high levels of acidic substances.

In the study, Mayo Clinic researchers used the Rochester Epidemiology Project medical records-linkage system to locate all diagnoses involving the ketogenic diet from 1963-1975. The system index allows the identification of all medical visits of residents of Olmsted County, Minn., including inpatient, outpatient and emergency department evaluations since 1935. In the study, records were reviewed of 37 patients who underwent the ketogenic diet as outpatients and 17 as inpatients.

There was no evidence that inpatient initiation of the ketogenic diet was superior to outpatient initiation with regard to long-term seizure control or mental improvement. This improvement rate was similar to the range of other reported studies.

In the Mayo Clinic study, there were no statistical differences in outcome between the groups started as inpatients and outpatients.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Mayo Clinic. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Mayo Clinic. "Mayo Clinic Finds Ketogenic Diet May Be Started As An Outpatient Treatment For Children With Epilepsy." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 October 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/10/041020091532.htm>.
Mayo Clinic. (2004, October 20). Mayo Clinic Finds Ketogenic Diet May Be Started As An Outpatient Treatment For Children With Epilepsy. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/10/041020091532.htm
Mayo Clinic. "Mayo Clinic Finds Ketogenic Diet May Be Started As An Outpatient Treatment For Children With Epilepsy." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/10/041020091532.htm (accessed July 22, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Newsy (July 22, 2014) The new sci-fi thriller "Lucy" is making people question whether we really use all our brainpower. But, as scientists have insisted for years, we do. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Newsy (July 22, 2014) Boston scientists have discovered a new way to create fully functioning human platelets using a bioreactor and human stem cells. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

TheStreet (July 21, 2014) New research shows Gilead Science's drug Sovaldi helps in curing hepatitis C in those who suffer from HIV. In a medical study, the combination of Gilead's Hep C drug with anti-viral drug Ribavirin cured 76% of HIV-positive patients suffering from the most common hepatitis C strain. Hepatitis C and related complications have been a top cause of death in HIV-positive patients. Typical medication used to treat the disease, including interferon proteins, tended to react badly with HIV drugs. However, Sovaldi's %1,000-a-pill price tag could limit the number of patients able to access the treatment. TheStreet's Keris Lahiff reports from New York. Video provided by TheStreet
Powered by NewsLook.com
$23.6 Billion Awarded To Widow In Smoking Lawsuit

$23.6 Billion Awarded To Widow In Smoking Lawsuit

Newsy (July 20, 2014) Cynthia Robinson claims R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company hid the health and addiction risks of its products, leading to the death of her husband in 1996. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins