Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Dental X-rays Could Be First Step In Osteoporosis Screening

Date:
December 6, 2004
Source:
American Roentgen Ray Society
Summary:
Panoramic dental x-rays can be used to help identify postmenopausal women with low skeletal bone mineral density (BMD), meaning that screening for spinal osteoporosis could begin in the dentist's office a new study shows.

Panoramic dental x-rays can be used to help identify postmenopausal women with low skeletal bone mineral density (BMD), meaning that screening for spinal osteoporosis could begin in the dentist's office a new study shows.

The study included 316 postmenopausal women who had no symptoms of osteoporosis. The women were divided into two groups: 159 had no history of hysterectomy, oophorectomy or estrogen use, the remaining 157 had one or more of these histories. All had panoramic dental x-rays, and the cortical shape and width of the jaw were estimated on the x-rays. "Women with eroded cortical shape need to be referred for further BMD testing," said Akira Taguchi, DDS, PhD, department of oral and maxillofacial radiology at Hiroshima University Hospital in Japan.

Currently, questionnaires are widely used as the first step in determining which women need to have further BMD testing. This study found that dental x-rays were just as sensitive as questionnaires in identifying those women. Dental x-rays, looking at cortical shape, were 87% sensitive in identifying women with spinal osteoporosis in the group with no history of hysterectomy, oophorectomy or estrogen use and 80% sensitive for the other group. The questionnaire was found to have an 87% sensitivity rate for the women with no history and 72% for those with the history of hysterectomy, oophorectomy or estrogen use, Dr. Taguchi said.

Dr. Taguchi noted that dental x-rays are not as specific as questionnaires, meaning that dental x-rays indicate disease when there isn't any and can indicate there isn't any disease and there is. However, since dental x-rays are already being done (about 15 million a year in the U.S.) they can be reviewed just as a first step in determining which women need additional testing, he said.

"The response rate for questionnaires may be relatively low if postmenopausal women have little information or no interest regarding osteoporosis," Dr. Taguchi said. On the other hand, "because dental panoramic x-rays are taken for the diagnosis of conditions affecting the teeth and jaws in clinical practice worldwide, the dentist could also look at the mandibular cortical shape and width and refer the appropriate women for further BMD testing," he said.

The study appeared in the December 2004 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Roentgen Ray Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Roentgen Ray Society. "Dental X-rays Could Be First Step In Osteoporosis Screening." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 December 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/12/041201082547.htm>.
American Roentgen Ray Society. (2004, December 6). Dental X-rays Could Be First Step In Osteoporosis Screening. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/12/041201082547.htm
American Roentgen Ray Society. "Dental X-rays Could Be First Step In Osteoporosis Screening." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/12/041201082547.htm (accessed October 21, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

How Nigeria Beat Its Ebola Outbreak

How Nigeria Beat Its Ebola Outbreak

Newsy (Oct. 20, 2014) The World Health Organization has declared Nigeria free of Ebola. Health experts credit a bit of luck and the government's initial response. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Another Study Suggests Viagra Is Good For The Heart

Another Study Suggests Viagra Is Good For The Heart

Newsy (Oct. 20, 2014) An ingredient in erectile-dysfunction medications such as Viagra could improve heart function. Perhaps not surprising, given Viagra's history. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Worries End for Dozens on U.S. Watch Lists

Ebola Worries End for Dozens on U.S. Watch Lists

Reuters - US Online Video (Oct. 20, 2014) Forty-three people who had contact with Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person diagnosed with Ebola in the U.S., were cleared overnight of twice-daily monitoring after 21 days of showing no symptoms. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
CDC Calls for New Ebola Safety Guidelines

CDC Calls for New Ebola Safety Guidelines

AP (Oct. 20, 2014) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Dr. Tom Frieden laid out new guidelines for health care workers when dealing with the deadly Ebola virus including new precautions when taking off personal protective equipment. (Oct. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins