Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Children Whose Parents Smoked Are Twice As Likely To Begin Smoking Between 13 And 21

Date:
September 29, 2005
Source:
University of Washington
Summary:
Twelve-year-olds whose parents smoked were more than twice as likely to begin smoking cigarettes on a daily basis between the ages of 13 and 21 than were children whose parents didn't use tobacco, according to a new study that looked at family influences on smoking habits.

Twelve-year-olds whose parents smoked were more than two times aslikely to begin smoking cigarettes on a daily basis between the ages of13 and 21 than were children whose parents didn't use tobacco,according to a new study that looked at family influences on smokinghabits. The research indicated that parental behavior about smoking,not attitudes, is the key factor in delaying the onset of dailysmoking, according to Karl Hill, director of the University ofWashington's Seattle Social Development Project and an associateresearch professor of social work.

Related Articles


Hill said other elements that influenced whether or not adolescentsbegan daily smoking were consistent family monitoring and rules, familybonding or a strong emotional attachment inside the family, and parentsnot involving children in their own smoking behavior. The laterincludes such activities as asking their children to get a pack ofcigarettes from the car or having them light a cigarette for the parent.

"All of these factors are important in delaying or preventing dailysmoking, but parental smoking is the biggest contributor to childreninitiating smoking," said Hill. "It really is a matter of 'do as I do'not 'do as I say' when it comes to smoking." The study is one of thefirst to look at the initiation of daily smoking rather than theexperimental use of tobacco. It defined daily smoking as smokingbetween one and five cigarettes daily in the previous 30 days at thetime of each interview.

The research is part of the ongoing Seattle Social Development Projectsupported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse that is tracking thedevelopment of positive and antisocial behaviors among 808 individuals.They originally were recruited as fifth-grade students from elementaryschools in high-crime Seattle neighborhoods.

For this study, the individuals were interviewed at ages 13, 14, 15,16, 18 and 21. The group was nearly equally divided among males andfemales. Forty-six percent were white, 24 percent were black, 21percent were Asian Americans, 6 percent were American Indians and 3percent were from other ethnic backgrounds.

The study found differences in daily smoking rates both by gender and racial background.

Over all, 37 percent of the individuals reported daily smoking by age21 - 42 percent of the males and 32 percent of the females.

Whites (43 percent) were more likely to have begun regular smoking by21 than were blacks (35 percent) and Asian Americans (24 percent).However, Indians (54 percent) were the group most likely to have begundaily smoking by age 21.

Smoking rates predictably increased as the individuals got older. Justa little more than 2 percent had ever smoked daily at 13. That rateincreased to 5 percent at 14, 12 percent at 15, 18 percent at 16, and27 percent at 18.

"Parents may feel that they don't matter to their teens, but this studyindicates, they really do," said Hill. "It shows that such factors asnot smoking, having good family management skills in setting rules andmonitoring behavior, and having a strong emotional relationship withtheir children matter until the end of adolescence."

Smoking prevention programs, he said, need components focused onparents, something they generally ignore, to help reduce adolescentsmoking. Such programs are important since tobacco use is the leadingpreventable cause of death in the United States, accounting for about440,000 deaths annually, according to the Centers for Disease Controland Prevention.

"Keeping children from smoking starts with parents and their behavior.Some parents say they disapprove of teenage smoking, but continue tosmoke themselves. The evidence is clear from this study that if parentsdon't want their children to start smoking, it is important for them tostop or reduce their own smoking," Hill said.

###

Co-authors of the study publishedin the current issue of Journal of Adolescent Health are J. DavidHawkins, UW professor of social work; Richard Catalano, UW professor ofsocial work and director of the Social Development Research Group;Robert Abbott, chairman of educational psychology at the UW; and JieGuo, a former UW research scientist.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Washington. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Washington. "Children Whose Parents Smoked Are Twice As Likely To Begin Smoking Between 13 And 21." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 September 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050929082408.htm>.
University of Washington. (2005, September 29). Children Whose Parents Smoked Are Twice As Likely To Begin Smoking Between 13 And 21. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 26, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050929082408.htm
University of Washington. "Children Whose Parents Smoked Are Twice As Likely To Begin Smoking Between 13 And 21." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050929082408.htm (accessed January 26, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Mind & Brain News

Monday, January 26, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

How Technology Is Ruining Snow Days For Students

How Technology Is Ruining Snow Days For Students

Newsy (Jan. 25, 2015) — More schools are using online classes to keep from losing time to snow days, but it only works if students have Internet access at home. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Weird Things Couples Do When They Lose Their Phone

Weird Things Couples Do When They Lose Their Phone

BuzzFeed (Jan. 24, 2015) — Did you back it up? Do you even know how to do that? Video provided by BuzzFeed
Powered by NewsLook.com
Smart Wristband to Shock Away Bad Habits

Smart Wristband to Shock Away Bad Habits

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Jan. 23, 2015) — A Boston start-up is developing a wristband they say will help users break bad habits by jolting them with an electric shock. Ben Gruber reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Amazing Technology Allows Blind Mother to See Her Newborn Son

Amazing Technology Allows Blind Mother to See Her Newborn Son

RightThisMinute (Jan. 23, 2015) — Not only is Kathy seeing her newborn son for the first time, but this is actually the first time she has ever seen a baby. Kathy and her sister, Yvonne, have been legally blind since childhood, but thanks to an amazing new technology, eSight glasses, which gives those who are legally blind the ability to see, she got the chance to see the birth of her son. It&apos;s an incredible moment and an even better story. Video provided by RightThisMinute
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins