Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Density Predicts Breast Cancer Risk, Study Shows

Date:
September 17, 2006
Source:
Group Health Cooperative Center for Health Studies
Summary:
Breast density is nearly as important as age in determining a woman's risk of developing breast cancer, according to a new model developed by scientists from Group Health and seven other health care organizations in the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium. Presented in the Sept. 6 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the model is based on the largest study of this issue to-date in terms of population size and the number of risk factors examined.

Breast density is nearly as important as age in determining a woman's risk of developing breast cancer, according to a new model developed by scientists from Group Health and seven other health care organizations in the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC). Presented in the September 6 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the model is based on the largest study of this issue to-date in terms of population size and the number of risk factors examined.

The researchers collected data from more than 1 million women at the time of their screening mammograms. They then identified 11,638 who were diagnosed with breast cancer within the next year. Information on women who did and did not get breast cancer was analyzed to develop and validate risk-prediction models.

Breast density is a measure of how well tissue can be seen on mammogram. Some tissue, such as the milk gland, is dense and appears white on an x-ray. This density makes it hard for doctors to see tumors, which also appear white. Fatty tissue is less dense and appears clear on the x-ray, allowing better tumor detection.

"Although breast cancer is harder to detect in women with dense breasts, our research showed that women with dense breasts are more likely to develop breast cancer," said William E. Barlow, PhD, a researcher with Group Health and the lead author of the article. After adjustment for age, the risk for breast cancer was almost four times greater for women with extremely dense breasts than for a woman with breasts that are almost entirely fat.

The scientists found that several risk factors influenced breast cancer diagnosis. In pre-menopausal women, risk factors included age, breast density, family history of breast cancer, and a prior breast procedure. In postmenopausal women, risk factors included ethnicity, greater body mass index, natural menopause, use of hormone therapy, a prior false-positive mammogram, as well as the risk factors found in pre-menopausal women.

In an accompanying article, Jinbo Chen, PhD, and Mitchell Gail, MD, PhD, of the National Cancer Institute (NCI), presents an updated version of the "Gail model," a breast cancer risk assessment tool that's been widely used since the 1980s. The updated version now includes breast density as well.

The new models may eventually help doctors identify women at high risk for breast cancer who might benefit from preventive interventions or more intensive screening, the researchers concluded. However, they cautioned that more research is needed before doctors can predict the development of cancer in individual women.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Group Health Cooperative Center for Health Studies. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Group Health Cooperative Center for Health Studies. "Density Predicts Breast Cancer Risk, Study Shows." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 September 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060915204953.htm>.
Group Health Cooperative Center for Health Studies. (2006, September 17). Density Predicts Breast Cancer Risk, Study Shows. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060915204953.htm
Group Health Cooperative Center for Health Studies. "Density Predicts Breast Cancer Risk, Study Shows." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060915204953.htm (accessed September 1, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Monday, September 1, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Get on Your Bike! London Cycling Popularity Soars Despite Danger

Get on Your Bike! London Cycling Popularity Soars Despite Danger

AFP (Sep. 1, 2014) Wedged between buses, lorries and cars, cycling in London isn't for the faint hearted. Nevertheless the number of people choosing to bike in the British capital has doubled over the past 15 years. Duration: 02:27 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Can You Train Your Brain To Eat Healthy?

Can You Train Your Brain To Eat Healthy?

Newsy (Sep. 1, 2014) New research says if you condition yourself to eat healthy foods, eventually you'll crave them instead of junk food. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
We've Got Mites Living In Our Faces And So Do You

We've Got Mites Living In Our Faces And So Do You

Newsy (Aug. 30, 2014) A new study suggests 100 percent of adult humans (those over 18 years of age) have Demodex mites living in their faces. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Liberia Continues Fight Against Ebola

Liberia Continues Fight Against Ebola

AFP (Aug. 30, 2014) Authorities in Liberia try to stem the spread of the Ebola epidemic by raising awareness and setting up sanitation units for people to wash their hands. Duration: 00:41 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins