Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

One Out Of Every Three Arthritis Sufferers Is Affected In Ability To Work

Date:
April 2, 2007
Source:
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Summary:
Arthritis, a leading cause of disability among US adults, affects 46 million people. Arthritis-attributable work limitation can have substantial social and economic impacts including absenteeism, reduced productivity, work loss and lower income.

Arthritis, a leading cause of disability among US adults, affects 46 million people. Arthritis-attributable work limitation (AAWL) can have substantial social and economic impacts including absenteeism, reduced productivity, work loss and lower income. Some studies have examined work limitations for people with specific rheumatic conditions, but none have presented a complete picture for the entire spectrum of arthritis in the general population. A new study published in the April 2007 issue of Arthritis Care & Research estimated the prevalence of AAWL in adults between the ages of 18 and 64 and examined characteristics related to AAWL in this age group.

Related Articles


Led by Kristina A. Theis, MPH, of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia, researchers analyzed data from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey, which was administered to more than 31,000 adults over the age of 18. The survey included questions about whether respondents had been diagnosed with arthritis by a doctor and whether arthritis or joint symptoms affected whether they worked, and the type or the amount of work they did. Based on their answers, an estimated 6.9 million individuals have AAWL. Respondents were also asked about their physical activity, the presence of chronic co-conditions, limitations not related to work, the severity of their joint pain, their work status and disability payments, and their health access and utilization.

The results showed that among working age adults, 1 in 20 reported AAWL, and, among those with arthritis, 1 in 3 reported AAWL. Adults with arthritis and AAWL had multiple indicators of poor physical health and function, such as high body mass index, joint pain, physical limitations in several activities, and frequent doctor's office visits. AAWL was more common in older age groups and, when adjusted for age, was found to have a higher prevalence among women, non-Hispanic blacks, and individuals with lower education and income.

The authors point out that the findings of the study are subject to limitations typical of observational studies. The information was collected by self-report, which may reflect recall bias, and the presence of arthritis was not confirmed by a health professional; it may be difficult to attribute work limitation to arthritis, especially if the person is suffering from multiple chronic conditions; the wording of the questionnaire did not distinguish between those who could not work and those whose work was simply affected in some way.

Nonetheless the size of the study enabled the authors to develop US national prevalence estimates for AAWL, the results of which can be used as a benchmark for future studies and to help monitor progress in reducing the number of people with AAWL. In addition, by identifying characteristics associated with AAWL, the study may be useful in developing timely interventions for those at risk of work disability. This could have a major impact not just on these individuals, but on society at large. Indirect costs of arthritis have been estimated at $35.1 billion for 1997, and the authors note that "protecting workers from disability, injury, and prolonged negative effects of illness makes simple social and economic sense."

The authors note that future research on public health and arthritis management could address what types of work people with arthritis are unable to do, which groups are more affected and why, and how interventions can be tested, targeted and delivered. They point out that describing and addressing work limitations is an important part of preventing disability. They conclude, "This initial characterization of AAWL will aid in informing research and the development and evaluation of interventions to decrease work limitation experienced by individuals with arthritis."

Arthritis-attributable work limitation affects nearly 7 million U.S. adults, disproportionately affects minority groups, and presents opportunities to reduce arthritis impact by implementing effective interventions to preserve and improve function.

Article: "Prevalence and Correlates of Arthritis-Attributable Work Limitation in the US Population Among Persons Ages 18-64: 2002 National Health Interview Survey Data," Theis et al., Arthritis Care & Research, April 2007; (DOI: 10.1002/art.22622).


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. "One Out Of Every Three Arthritis Sufferers Is Affected In Ability To Work." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 April 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070329075056.htm>.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. (2007, April 2). One Out Of Every Three Arthritis Sufferers Is Affected In Ability To Work. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070329075056.htm
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. "One Out Of Every Three Arthritis Sufferers Is Affected In Ability To Work." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070329075056.htm (accessed October 25, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

AFP (Oct. 25, 2014) — An American nurse who contracted Ebola while caring for a Liberian patient in Texas has been declared free of the virus and will leave the hospital. Duration: 01:01 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Toxin-Packed Stem Cells Used To Kill Cancer

Toxin-Packed Stem Cells Used To Kill Cancer

Newsy (Oct. 25, 2014) — A Harvard University Research Team created genetically engineered stem cells that are able to kill cancer cells, while leaving other cells unharmed. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

Buzz60 (Oct. 24, 2014) — IKEA is out with a new convertible desk that can convert from a sitting desk to a standing one with just the push of a button. Jen Markham explains. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

AFP (Oct. 24, 2014) — A factory in China is busy making Ebola protective suits for healthcare workers and others fighting the spread of the virus. Duration: 00:38 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins