Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Unfair Treatment Boosts Heart Attack Risk

Date:
May 16, 2007
Source:
BMJ Specialty Journals
Summary:
Unfair treatment in life boosts a person's chances of having a heart attack, suggests new research.

Unfair treatment in life boosts a person's chances of having a heart attack, suggests research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

The findings are based on more than 8,000 senior civil servants working for the British government in London (The Whitehall Study II).

They were asked to score their responses to the statement: "I often have the feeling that I am being treated unfairly" on a scale of 1 to 6, where 1 equals "strongly disagree" and 6 equals "strongly agree." Unfair treatment applied to all aspects of their lives, including employment, family, and society in general..

Scores of 1 or 2 were categorised as "low," those of 3 or 4 as "moderate," and those of 5 or 6 as "high."

Their mental and physical health was tracked for an average of almost 11 years, using validated health and quality of life surveys and data on ill health and death.

During the monitoring period, there were 528 new cases of fatal and non-fatal heart attack and angina in people who had had no signs of heart disease when the study began.

Just under 3,000 people felt they were unfairly treated, of whom 64 out of 966 in the "low" category had had a heart attack or angina. This compares with 98 out of 1368 in the "moderate" and 51 out of 567 in the "high" categories.

The figures were adjusted to take account of traditional risk factors for heart disease, as well as socioeconomic status, gender, age, chronic job stress unfair treatment at work, and personality traits, such as hostility.

But the results still showed that the higher the sense of injustice, the greater was the risk of a heart attack or angina.

People in the "high" category were 55% more likely to have serious heart disease as those who did not feel they were unfairly treated and twice as likely to have it as those in the "low" category. Women and those with lower incomes and status were significantly more likely to feel that they were being unfairly treated.

Unfair treatment was also associated with significantly higher levels of poor physical and mental health.

The authors conclude that fairness is key to promoting a healthier society.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by BMJ Specialty Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

BMJ Specialty Journals. "Unfair Treatment Boosts Heart Attack Risk." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 May 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070515074832.htm>.
BMJ Specialty Journals. (2007, May 16). Unfair Treatment Boosts Heart Attack Risk. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070515074832.htm
BMJ Specialty Journals. "Unfair Treatment Boosts Heart Attack Risk." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070515074832.htm (accessed September 18, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, September 18, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Artificial Sweetener Could Promote Diabetes

Artificial Sweetener Could Promote Diabetes

Newsy (Sep. 17, 2014) Doctors once thought artificial sweeteners lacked the health risks of sugar, but a new study says they can impact blood sugar levels the same way. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Vaccine Trial Gets Underway at Oxford University

Ebola Vaccine Trial Gets Underway at Oxford University

AFP (Sep. 17, 2014) A healthy British volunteer is to become the first person to receive a new vaccine for the Ebola virus after US President Barack Obama called for action against the epidemic and warned it was "spiralling out of control." Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obesity Rates Steady Even As Americans' Waistlines Expand

Obesity Rates Steady Even As Americans' Waistlines Expand

Newsy (Sep. 17, 2014) Researchers are puzzled as to why obesity rates remain relatively stable as average waistlines continue to expand. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

Newsy (Sep. 16, 2014) President Obama is expected to send 3,000 troops to West Africa as part of the effort to contain Ebola's spread. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins