Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Healthy Diet And Lifestyle Behaviors Associated With Decreased Risk Of Heart Attack In Women

Date:
October 23, 2007
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Women who eat a healthy diet, drink moderate amounts of alcohol, are physically active, maintain a healthy weight and do not smoke have a significantly reduced risk of heart attack, according to a new report.

Women who eat a healthy diet, drink moderate amounts of alcohol, are physically active, maintain a healthy weight and do not smoke have a significantly reduced risk of heart attack, according to a new report in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

"Coronary heart disease is the most important cause of death and disability in women," the authors write as background information in the article. "Despite a lower incidence in women, coronary heart disease--related mortality and the percentage of sudden deaths from coronary heart disease without previous symptoms is higher and the trend of decline in incidence is slower than in men."

Agneta Akesson, Ph.D., M.P.H., of the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, and colleagues identified dietary patterns in 24,444 postmenopausal women by analyzing food frequency questionnaires, on which the women supplied information about how often they ate 96 common foods.

"We derived four major dietary patterns: 'healthy' (vegetables, fruits and legumes), 'Western/Swedish' (red meat, processed meat, poultry, rice, pasta, eggs, fried potatoes and fish), 'alcohol' (wine, liquor, beer and some snacks) and 'sweets' (sweet baked goods, candy, chocolate, jam and ice cream)," the authors write. Participants also answered questions about education, family history, health status, use of medications, body measurements and physical activity. When they enrolled in the study in 1997, none of the women had heart disease, diabetes or cancer.

Over an average of 6.2 years of follow-up, 308 women had a new myocardial infarction (heart attack); 51 of these cases were fatal. Two diet types--"healthy" and "alcohol"--were associated with a reduced risk for heart attack.

"The low-risk diet (high scores for the healthy dietary pattern) characterized by a high intake of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, fish and legumes, in combination with moderate alcohol consumption (5 grams of alcohol per day or less), along with the three low-risk lifestyle behaviors [not smoking, having a waist-hip ratio of less than the 75th percentile and being physically active], was associated with 92 percent decreased risk compared with findings in women without any low-risk diet and lifestyle factors," the authors write. "This combination of healthy behaviors, present in 5 percent, may prevent 77 percent of myocardial infarctions in the study population."

Several components of fruits, vegetables and whole grains--including fiber, antioxidant vitamins and minerals--have been associated with a reduced risk for coronary heart disease, the researchers note. In addition, previous studies have found beneficial effects of small amounts of alcohol in preventing the buildup of plaque in the arteries, which could help prevent heart attacks.

"Our study findings indicate that healthy dietary behaviors are present in the population," the authors conclude. "These dietary behaviors together with a healthy lifestyle and body weight may prevent most myocardial infarction events."

Reference: Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(19):2122-2127.

This study was supported by research grants from the Center for Health Care Sciences, Karolinska Institutet; the Swedish Research Council/Medicine and Longitudinal Studies; and the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Healthy Diet And Lifestyle Behaviors Associated With Decreased Risk Of Heart Attack In Women." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 October 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071022165543.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2007, October 23). Healthy Diet And Lifestyle Behaviors Associated With Decreased Risk Of Heart Attack In Women. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071022165543.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Healthy Diet And Lifestyle Behaviors Associated With Decreased Risk Of Heart Attack In Women." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071022165543.htm (accessed July 28, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Monday, July 28, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

AP (July 28, 2014) West African nations and international health organizations are working to contain the largest Ebola outbreak in history. It's one of the deadliest diseases known to man, but the CDC says it's unlikely to spread in the U.S. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

AP (July 28, 2014) A bipartisan deal to improve veterans health care would authorize at least $15 billion in emergency spending to fix a veterans program scandalized by long patient wait times and falsified records. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Reuters - US Online Video (July 28, 2014) Two American aid workers in Liberia test positive for Ebola while working to combat the deadliest outbreak of the virus ever. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

AP (July 28, 2014) Classes are being offered nationwide to encourage African Americans to learn about cooking fresh foods based on traditional African cuisine. The program is trying to combat obesity, heart disease and other ailments often linked to diet. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins