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Study Calls For Action On Heart Risks From Certain Anti-cancer Drugs

Date:
April 28, 2008
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Heart damage from certain anti-cancer drugs no longer should be regarded as a rare or relatively unimportant complication, scientists have concluded in a new overview of research on the cardiotoxicity of anti-cancer drugs. Their review recommends that drug regulatory agencies, physicians, and toxicologists join in a focused research effort to combat the problem.
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Conceptual representation of a constellation of factors that synergize with cardiotoxicity induced by a known cardiotoxic drug and make cardiac events occur at lower than expected cumulative doses of that drug.
Credit: Courtesy of P. Menna, E. Salvatorelli and G. Minotti

Heart damage from certain anti-cancer drugs no longer should be regarded as a rare or relatively unimportant complication, scientists in Italy have concluded in a new overview of research on the cardiotoxicity of anti-cancer drugs. Their review recommends that drug regulatory agencies, physicians, and toxicologists join in a focused research effort to combat the problem.

In the new study, Giorgio Minotti, Pierantonio Menna, and Emanuela Salvatorelli point out that the risk of cardiotoxicity may be higher than previously believed, especially in older patients and those with high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and other risk factors. Studies of long-term survivors of childhood and adult cancer -- more than 10 million people in the United States alone -- also suggest an increased risk of symptomatic cardiac events.

Their review found that newer, targeted drugs can damage the heart, particularly when combined with old-generation chemotherapeutics. "Toxicologists and regulatory agencies and clinicians should therefore join in collaborative efforts that improve early identification of cardiotoxicity and minimize the risks of cardiac events in patients," the article notes.

The article "Cardiotoxicity of Antitumor Drugs" is scheduled for the May 19 issue of Chemical Research in Toxicology,


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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American Chemical Society. "Study Calls For Action On Heart Risks From Certain Anti-cancer Drugs." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 April 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080428091709.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2008, April 28). Study Calls For Action On Heart Risks From Certain Anti-cancer Drugs. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 31, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080428091709.htm
American Chemical Society. "Study Calls For Action On Heart Risks From Certain Anti-cancer Drugs." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080428091709.htm (accessed August 31, 2015).

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