Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Intelligent Computational Model Of The Descriptive Grammar Of The Spanish Language

Date:
July 22, 2008
Source:
Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Summary:
Researchers have developed an intelligent computational model of the descriptive grammar of the Spanish language. This opens up new possibilities for the computational representation of languages and natural language processing applications.

Researchers from the Validation and Business Applications Group (VAI) at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid’s School of Computing (FIUPM) have developed an intelligent computational model of the descriptive grammar of the Spanish language. This opens up new possibilities for the computational representation of languages and natural language processing applications.

Computational linguistics draws primarily on linguistic theories to build language representation models for computational applications. The linguistic theories are formal (i.e. mathematically expressible) models. It takes from 5 to 10 years to develop a model in any particular language, whereas the coverage of the resulting model 55%. In other words, coverage is very limited and the cost is huge. This is an obstacle to languages, apart from English or more dominant languages, having useful applications.

To overcome this hurdle, the researchers Carolina Gallardo and Jesús Cardeñosa have examined the possibility of using descriptive grammars in place of linguistic theories. Even though they are not formal, descriptive grammars do represent the real language use.

Despite their not very formal “look”, descriptive grammars do contain a great deal of linguistic knowledge, these researchers explain. The real strength of these descriptive grammars is that they exist for all languages, they are low cost and they can be used in the absence of linguistic experts.

The School of Computing researchers experimented with the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language’s Descriptive Grammar of the Spanish Language (GDLE) and built a computational model that will be applicable to descriptive grammars of other languages. The innovation of this research is that knowledge elicitation methodologies proper to knowledge engineering (a branch of artificial intelligence) were applied to the GDLE, which was used as a source of knowledge.

This model has been tested on a blackboard-based application, which is one of artificial intelligence undisputed designs for somewhat complex distributed applications. It has been tested on numerous cases and the results are promising.

The model will be useful for building natural language processing applications ranging from language analysis to generation and will be applicable to any language where a natural language model with reasonable coverage needs to be developed relatively quickly.

A preview of this work was published in the proceedings of IKE’08 (2008 International Conference on Information and Knowledge Engineering), held at Las Vegas (USA) from 14th to 17th July.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. "Intelligent Computational Model Of The Descriptive Grammar Of The Spanish Language." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 July 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080717225716.htm>.
Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. (2008, July 22). Intelligent Computational Model Of The Descriptive Grammar Of The Spanish Language. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080717225716.htm
Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. "Intelligent Computational Model Of The Descriptive Grammar Of The Spanish Language." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080717225716.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Dieting At A Young Age Might Lead To Harmful Health Habits

Dieting At A Young Age Might Lead To Harmful Health Habits

Newsy (July 30, 2014) — Researchers say women who diet at a young age are at greater risk of developing harmful health habits, including eating disorders and alcohol abuse. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

Newsy (July 29, 2014) — If you've been looking for love online, there's a chance somebody has been looking at how you're looking. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

Newsy (July 29, 2014) — Researchers have found certain facial features can make us seem more attractive or trustworthy. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Newsy (July 27, 2014) — A new study shows sleep deprivation can make it harder for people to remember specific details of an event. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

    Technology News



      Save/Print:
      Share:  

      Free Subscriptions


      Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

      Get Social & Mobile


      Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

      Have Feedback?


      Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
      Mobile iPhone Android Web
      Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
      Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
      Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins