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Alzheimer's Drug May Help Mild Memory Loss, Imaging Study Suggests

Date:
August 3, 2008
Source:
University of California - Los Angeles
Summary:
New UCLA research suggests that the treatment of early symptoms of memory loss may protect the brain and help people with mild age-related memory impairment. The finding also shows how PET offers researchers a tool for tracking the effectiveness of drugs prescribed to treat age-related cognitive decline.

Top: a composite image shows the virtually normal appearance of the brains of patients taking Aricept for 18 months. Bottom: a composite image shows the extensive metabolic decline in the brains of patients given a placebo pill.
Credit: Image courtesy of University of California - Los Angeles

Alzheimer's disease is the end result of gradual, progressive brain aging. Positron emission technology (PET) scans of patients' brains typically reveal a decreased rate of metabolism, a hallmark of the disorder.

A small sample of adults with mild age-related memory loss was randomly assigned a daily placebo or Aricept, a drug that treats Alzheimer's symptoms. Both groups underwent PET brain scans before and after 18 months of treatment. The brains of people given Aricept showed an increased rate of metabolism and looked more normal than the brains of those who took the placebo. Both groups scored the same on memory tests, however, implying that PET scans may be more sensitive than neuropsychological tests in detecting drugs' effects.

The research suggests that the treatment of early symptoms of memory loss may protect the brain and help people with mild age-related memory impairment. The finding also shows how PET offers researchers a tool for tracking the effectiveness of drugs prescribed to treat age-related cognitive decline.

Dr. Gary Small, Parlow-Solomon Professor on Aging and a professor at UCLA's Semel Institute, and Dr. Daniel Silverman, UCLA head of neuronuclear imaging and associate professor of molecular and medical pharmacology were involved with the study.

The findings were presented at the "Hot Topics" poster session of the International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease 2008, hosted by the Alzheimer's Association.

The study was funded by grants from the National Institute on Aging and private foundations. Small is a consultant to Pfizer and Eisai, which manufacture and market Aricept; and to Siemens, which manufactures and markets PET brain scanners. No commercial funding was provided.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of California - Los Angeles. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of California - Los Angeles. "Alzheimer's Drug May Help Mild Memory Loss, Imaging Study Suggests." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 August 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080730140718.htm>.
University of California - Los Angeles. (2008, August 3). Alzheimer's Drug May Help Mild Memory Loss, Imaging Study Suggests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080730140718.htm
University of California - Los Angeles. "Alzheimer's Drug May Help Mild Memory Loss, Imaging Study Suggests." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080730140718.htm (accessed April 16, 2014).

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