Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Poor Residents Just Minutes Away From Video Lottery Terminals

Date:
September 8, 2008
Source:
University of Montreal
Summary:
In Montreal, Quebec, a video lottery terminal is often less than three minutes away by foot from a compulsive gambler, who is usually a male between 18 and 44 with little education and a low income.

A video lottery terminal.
Credit: Image courtesy of University of Montreal

A video lottery terminal In Montreal, a video lottery terminal (VLT) is often less than three minutes away by foot from a compulsive gambler, who is usually a male between 18 and 44 with little education and low revenues.

For instance, 96 percent of the Park Extension neighborhood has a business with a VLT permit less than three minutes away from the residential area, according to Université de Montréal geographer Éric Robitaille.

On the other hand, only 13 percent of Westmount is less than 3 minutes away from a VLT machine. Many neighborhoods find themselves between these two extremes. On the Plateau Mont-Royal district and in lower downtown VLTs are very accessible, explains Robitaille

Robitaille is affiliated with the Université de Montréal Léa-Roback Centre, which studies social inequalities regarding health. In 2006, Robitaille and Patrick Herjean used cartographic data from the city of Montreal to calculate the distance in feet to VLTs. Those measures clearly demonstrated a concentration of businesses with VLT permits in underprivileged neighborhoods. Robitaille concludes that if a gambler lives close to several sites, he or she will always have quick access to a VLT even if a certain number of the terminals are removed.

The results of this research were published in the International Journal of Health Geographics and were presented at the Canadian Public Health Geomatics Conference that following September. Thanks to funding from the Léa-Roback Centre, the two geographers were able to develop their analysis throughout 2007.

But rather than look solely at the revenue of the household, as other researchers have done, they developed a vulnerability indicator based on the profile of the gambler. The sex, age, civil status and level of education were used. "Whether we use only household revenue or all four criteria, the targeted neighborhoods remain the same," says Robitaille.

The study of VLT access began in 2006 after Loto-Québec outlined its development plan, which called for a 31 percent reduction of VLT machines or a total of 2521 sites down from 3663. According to Robitaille, the plan will have little impact because too many locations remain easily accessible.

The geographers hoped to obtain from Loto-Québec the exact number of VLTs, but they refused to divulge the information by citing a moratorium. And so the researchers had to rely on the data of the Régie des alcools, des courses et des jeux du gouvernement du Québec. "The fact that a business has a VLT permit doesn't necessarily mean that they have VLTs. As long as we don't have the real data, it will be difficult to evaluate the true impact of the reduction plan," says Robitaille.

Loto-Québec says their VLT revenue decreased from $1,299 billion in 2006 to $1,098 billion in 2007 – as a result of the reduction of VLTs and the new tobacco laws. Robitaille questions the figures, since the corporation didn't include the impact of online gambling.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Montreal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Montreal. "Poor Residents Just Minutes Away From Video Lottery Terminals." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 September 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080908185234.htm>.
University of Montreal. (2008, September 8). Poor Residents Just Minutes Away From Video Lottery Terminals. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080908185234.htm
University of Montreal. "Poor Residents Just Minutes Away From Video Lottery Terminals." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080908185234.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

Share This



More Science & Society News

Monday, October 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Facebook Says The DEA's Fake Accounts Go Too Far

Facebook Says The DEA's Fake Accounts Go Too Far

Newsy (Oct. 19, 2014) — Facebook says the DEA violated its Terms of Service and that such impersonations damage the integrity of the site. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Court Ruling Means Kids' Online Activity Could Be On Parents

Court Ruling Means Kids' Online Activity Could Be On Parents

Newsy (Oct. 17, 2014) — In a ruling attorneys for both sides agreed was a first of its kind, a Georgia appeals court said parents can be held liable for what kids put online. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Cruise Ship Returns to US Over Ebola Fears

Raw: Cruise Ship Returns to US Over Ebola Fears

AP (Oct. 17, 2014) — A Caribbean cruise ship carrying a Dallas health care worker who is being monitored for signs of the Ebola virus is heading back to Texas, US, after being refused permission to dock in Cozumel, Mexico. (Oct. 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Spanish Govt: Four Suspected Ebola Cases in Spain Test Negative

Spanish Govt: Four Suspected Ebola Cases in Spain Test Negative

AFP (Oct. 17, 2014) — All four suspected Ebola cases admitted to hospitals in Spain on Thursday have tested negative for the deadly virus in a first round of tests, the government said Friday. Duration: 00:55 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Science & Society

Business & Industry

Education & Learning

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins