Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

High Blood Pressure Is Related To Depression In Elderly Subjects

Date:
November 5, 2008
Source:
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Summary:
An epidemiological study performed in Spain discloses a relationship between high blood pressure and depression in the elderly.

An epidemiological study performed in Spain discloses a relationship between high blood pressure and depression in the elderly.

A positive association between hypertension and depression has been reported in some inquiries but not in others, and the relationship was limited to individuals with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in some studies. Methodological difficulties are observed in previous research: some studies are based on self-reported hypertension, adjustment for potential confounders is not systematic and the use of a standardized psychiatric diagnosis is not common.

This study tests the hypothesis of a positive association between hypertension and depression, and tries to circumvent the described methodological difficulties.

A large, stratified random sample of individuals from the census list aged 55 and over was selected. An epidemiological screening design was implemented, and standardized Spanish versions of assessment instruments were used, including the Geriatric Mental State (GMS), its computerized diagnostic program, AGECAT, and the History and Aetiology Schedule. The history of medical diseases was documented by means of the Risk Factor Questionnaire designed by the EURODEM Workgroup. The assessment of blood pressure followed World Health Organization standards, modified by the European Society of Hypertension, and Joint National Committee Seventh Report criteria were used for the diagnosis of hypertension. The specific hypothesis of the association of hypertension with depression was tested by means of logistic regression (LR) analysis.

At the end of the investigation, hypertension was documented in 2,523 individuals (61.0%; 41.7% were stage 1 and 19.3% were stage 2 hypertensives), and 314 of them (12.4%) were depressed. Results of LR analysis show, in the unadjusted model, that OR for depression was significantly higher in stage 2 hypertension (OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.12–1.90).

The results support the hypothesis that depression is secondary, since the association was found with moderate/severe hypertension (stage 2), but not with mild hypertension (stage 1). Prospective, sound longitudinal research is now needed to confirm the potential of hypertension at baseline to increase the risk for incident depression.

 


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Lobo-Escolar, A, Roy, J.F., Saz, P, De-la-Cαmara, C, Marcos, G, Lobo, A. Association of Hypertension with Depression in Community-Dwelling Elderly Persons: Results from the ZARADEMP Project. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 2008; 77 (5): 323 DOI: 10.1159/000147947

Cite This Page:

Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. "High Blood Pressure Is Related To Depression In Elderly Subjects." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 November 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131327.htm>.
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. (2008, November 5). High Blood Pressure Is Related To Depression In Elderly Subjects. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131327.htm
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. "High Blood Pressure Is Related To Depression In Elderly Subjects." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131327.htm (accessed April 17, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) — A new study conducted by researchers at Northwestern and Harvard suggests even casual marijuana use can alter your brain. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Thousands Of Vials Of SARS Virus Go Missing

Thousands Of Vials Of SARS Virus Go Missing

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) — A research institute in Paris somehow misplaced more than 2,000 vials of the deadly SARS virus. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Formerly Conjoined Twins Released From Dallas Hospital

Formerly Conjoined Twins Released From Dallas Hospital

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) — Conjoined twins Emmett and Owen Ezell were separated by doctors in August. Now, nearly nine months later, they're being released from the hospital. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Outbreak Now Linked To 121 Deaths

Ebola Outbreak Now Linked To 121 Deaths

Newsy (Apr. 15, 2014) — The ebola virus outbreak in West Africa is now linked to 121 deaths. Health officials fear the virus will continue to spread in urban areas. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins