Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

High Blood Pressure Is Related To Depression In Elderly Subjects

Date:
November 5, 2008
Source:
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Summary:
An epidemiological study performed in Spain discloses a relationship between high blood pressure and depression in the elderly.

An epidemiological study performed in Spain discloses a relationship between high blood pressure and depression in the elderly.

Related Articles


A positive association between hypertension and depression has been reported in some inquiries but not in others, and the relationship was limited to individuals with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in some studies. Methodological difficulties are observed in previous research: some studies are based on self-reported hypertension, adjustment for potential confounders is not systematic and the use of a standardized psychiatric diagnosis is not common.

This study tests the hypothesis of a positive association between hypertension and depression, and tries to circumvent the described methodological difficulties.

A large, stratified random sample of individuals from the census list aged 55 and over was selected. An epidemiological screening design was implemented, and standardized Spanish versions of assessment instruments were used, including the Geriatric Mental State (GMS), its computerized diagnostic program, AGECAT, and the History and Aetiology Schedule. The history of medical diseases was documented by means of the Risk Factor Questionnaire designed by the EURODEM Workgroup. The assessment of blood pressure followed World Health Organization standards, modified by the European Society of Hypertension, and Joint National Committee Seventh Report criteria were used for the diagnosis of hypertension. The specific hypothesis of the association of hypertension with depression was tested by means of logistic regression (LR) analysis.

At the end of the investigation, hypertension was documented in 2,523 individuals (61.0%; 41.7% were stage 1 and 19.3% were stage 2 hypertensives), and 314 of them (12.4%) were depressed. Results of LR analysis show, in the unadjusted model, that OR for depression was significantly higher in stage 2 hypertension (OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.12–1.90).

The results support the hypothesis that depression is secondary, since the association was found with moderate/severe hypertension (stage 2), but not with mild hypertension (stage 1). Prospective, sound longitudinal research is now needed to confirm the potential of hypertension at baseline to increase the risk for incident depression.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Lobo-Escolar, A, Roy, J.F., Saz, P, De-la-Cαmara, C, Marcos, G, Lobo, A. Association of Hypertension with Depression in Community-Dwelling Elderly Persons: Results from the ZARADEMP Project. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 2008; 77 (5): 323 DOI: 10.1159/000147947

Cite This Page:

Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. "High Blood Pressure Is Related To Depression In Elderly Subjects." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 November 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131327.htm>.
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. (2008, November 5). High Blood Pressure Is Related To Depression In Elderly Subjects. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131327.htm
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. "High Blood Pressure Is Related To Depression In Elderly Subjects." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131327.htm (accessed March 28, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, March 28, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

S. Leone in New Anti-Ebola Lockdown

S. Leone in New Anti-Ebola Lockdown

AFP (Mar. 28, 2015) — Sierra Leone imposed a three-day nationwide lockdown Friday for the second time in six months in a bid to prevent a resurgence of the deadly Ebola virus. Duration: 01:17 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
These Popular Antibiotics Can Cause Permanent Nerve Damage

These Popular Antibiotics Can Cause Permanent Nerve Damage

Newsy (Mar. 27, 2015) — A popular class of antibiotic can leave patients in severe pain and even result in permanent nerve damage. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
WH Plan to Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Germs

WH Plan to Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Germs

AP (Mar. 27, 2015) — The White House on Friday announced a five-year plan to fight the threat posed by antibiotic-resistant bacteria amid fears that once-treatable germs could become deadly. (March 27) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
House Ready to Pass Medicare Doc Bill

House Ready to Pass Medicare Doc Bill

AP (Mar. 26, 2015) — In rare bipartisan harmony, congressional leaders pushed a $214 billion bill permanently blocking physician Medicare cuts toward House passage Thursday, moving lawmakers closer to resolving a problem that has plagued them for years. (March 26) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins