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How To Measure Mental Illness Behavior

Date:
October 29, 2008
Source:
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Summary:
The Illness Attitude Scales were developed as a clinimetric index for measuring hypochondriacal fears and beliefs (worry about illness, concerns about pain, health habits, hypochondriacal beliefs, thanatophobia, disease phobia, bodily preoccupations, treatment experience and effects of symptoms).

In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Laura Sirri, Silvana Grandi and Giovanni A. Fava outline the state of a widely used instrument for assessing hypochondriasis and illness behavior.

The Illness Attitude Scales (IAS) were developed by Robert Kellner as a clinimetric index for measuring hypochondriacal fears and beliefs (worry about illness, concerns about pain, health habits, hypochondriacal beliefs, thanatophobia, disease phobia, bodily preoccupations, treatment experience and effects of symptoms). The IAS have been extensively used in the past two decades, but there has been no comprehensive review of their properties and applications.

A review of the literature using both computerized (Medline, PsycINFO) and manual searches was performed. The IAS were found to successfully discriminate between hypochondriacal patients and control subjects, and between patients with various manifestations of illness behaviour. They showed a high test-retest reliability in normal subjects, and changed in the expected direction after treatment of hypochondriasis.

The IAS were also positively related to other hypochondriasis-related measures, and yielded important information in a variety of medical and surgical settings. Their content has paved the way for the development of some of the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research.

The Authors concluded that the clinimetric properties and high sensitivity of the IAS make them the gold standard for the self-rated assessment of hypochondriacal fears and beliefs.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Sirri L, Grandi S, Fava GA. The Illness Attitude Scales. Psychother Psychosom, 2008;77:337-350 DOI: 10.1159/000151387

Cite This Page:

Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. "How To Measure Mental Illness Behavior." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 October 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131329.htm>.
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. (2008, October 29). How To Measure Mental Illness Behavior. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131329.htm
Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. "How To Measure Mental Illness Behavior." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029131329.htm (accessed April 21, 2014).

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