Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Increased Physician Awareness Needed To Reduce Injuries And Neglect In Children

Date:
February 19, 2009
Source:
University of Missouri-Columbia
Summary:
Scientists found that young children with multiple injury-related emergency department visits are more likely to have been reported to child protective services than children with only one visit. The researchers say the majority of injuries are not the result of physical abuse but unintentional injuries, possibly resulting from inadequate supervision.

There are approximately 7.1 million injury-related emergency department (ED) visits by children younger than 15 in the United States annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In a new study, researchers from two universities, including the University of Missouri, found that young children with multiple injury-related ED visits are more likely to have been reported to Child Protective Services (CPS) than children with only one visit.

The researchers say the majority of injuries are not the result of physical abuse but unintentional injuries, possibly resulting from inadequate supervision. The researchers encourage increased awareness by emergency personnel to identify children at risk of maltreatment and provide interventions to help parents reduce injuries.

“Not all children with multiple injury-related ED visits are victims of physical child abuse; physicians should consider the possibility of inadequate supervision as a cause of multiple injuries in young children,” said Patricia Schnitzer, assistant professor in the MU Sinclair School of Nursing. “When treating young children who have had medical treatment for multiple injuries, physicians should seek information about previous injury-related ED visits, and ask parents about supervision techniques, their child’s injuries and home environment. This information can help identify risk factors for injuries, and determine if interventions are needed.”

Researchers from MU and Washington University identified 50,000 Missouri children ages 0-4 with at least one injury-related ED visit in 2000. They found that children with two or more injury-related ED visits in one year are more likely to be reported for child maltreatment compared to children with one injury-related ED visit. The risk of having a CPS report increased from twofold for children with two ED visits to fivefold for children with four or more visits.

“Physicians, social workers and other care providers can provide supervision guidelines, recommend parenting services and consider making reports to social services or family support agencies if inadequate supervision is suspected,” Schnitzer said. “Regardless of the number of injuries, physicians who have concerns about a child’s safety or suspect his/her injuries are related to physical abuse or neglect should immediately make a report to CPS.”

Currently, it can be difficult for physicians to obtain information about prior ED visits, Schnitzer said. The researchers believe that the implementation of electronic medical records and other advanced technology will enable physicians and care providers to better identify frequent injury-related ED visits and other risk factors for injury and maltreatment in children.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Missouri-Columbia. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Spivey et al. Association of Injury Visits in Children and Child Maltreatment Reports. Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2009; 36 (2): 207 DOI: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2007.07.025

Cite This Page:

University of Missouri-Columbia. "Increased Physician Awareness Needed To Reduce Injuries And Neglect In Children." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 February 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090219202837.htm>.
University of Missouri-Columbia. (2009, February 19). Increased Physician Awareness Needed To Reduce Injuries And Neglect In Children. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090219202837.htm
University of Missouri-Columbia. "Increased Physician Awareness Needed To Reduce Injuries And Neglect In Children." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090219202837.htm (accessed April 19, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Study On Artists' Brain Shows They're 'Structurally Unique'

Study On Artists' Brain Shows They're 'Structurally Unique'

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The brains of artists aren't really left-brain or right-brain, but rather have extra neural matter in visual and motor control areas. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Is Apathy A Sign Of A Shrinking Brain?

Is Apathy A Sign Of A Shrinking Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) A recent study links apathetic feelings to a smaller brain. Researchers say the results indicate a need for apathy screening for at-risk seniors. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Are School Dress Codes Too Strict?

Are School Dress Codes Too Strict?

AP (Apr. 16, 2014) Pushing the limits on style and self-expression is a rite of passage for teens and even younger kids. How far should schools go with their dress codes? The courts have sided with schools in an era when school safety is paramount. (April 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) A new study conducted by researchers at Northwestern and Harvard suggests even casual marijuana use can alter your brain. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins