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Epilepsy In The Elderly

Date:
March 13, 2009
Source:
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International
Summary:
It is more difficult to recognize and treat epilepsy in old than in young patients. Researchers now summarize the clinical characteristics of the disease and the therapeutic options.

It is often not possible to recognize epileptic seizures unambiguously in older patients; they may be identified as confusion of unclear etiology, memory disturbance, or giddiness.

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Aura is a typical symptom in young patients, but is rare in old patients. Moreover, confusion after a seizure may last much longer in older patients with epilepsy, giving the impression of dementia or stroke.

Drug treatment of old patients with epilepsy is complicated. There has not yet been enough research on changes in drug distribution and decreased elimination through the liver and kidneys in epilepsy in the elderly. For this reason, many therapeutic decisions are based on experience with young epileptics, together with the knowledge of the general principles of pharmacotherapy in age.

As old patients often require different drugs for a variety of diseases, drug interactions may occur. Moreover, older patients react more sensitively to drug side effects. The author discusses conventional antiepileptics, together with their side effects and interactions. Nevertheless, many questions cannot be answered with the current state of knowledge and the available studies.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Konrad J. Werhahn. Epilepsy in the Elderly. Dtsch Arztebl Int, 2009; 106[9]: 135%u201342

Cite This Page:

Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. "Epilepsy In The Elderly." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 March 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090313080258.htm>.
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. (2009, March 13). Epilepsy In The Elderly. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090313080258.htm
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. "Epilepsy In The Elderly." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090313080258.htm (accessed October 31, 2014).

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