Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Web-based Screening And Intervention May Reduce Drinking In University Students

Date:
September 17, 2009
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Web-based screening and personalized interventions for alcohol use may reduce drinking in undergraduate students, according to a new report.

Web-based screening and personalized interventions for alcohol use may reduce drinking in undergraduate students, according to a report in the September 14 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Unhealthy alcohol use is becoming more prevalent among young adults in many countries, according to background information in the article. "Young people at university have a particularly high prevalence of unhealthy alcohol use and have been found to drink more heavily and to exhibit more clinically significant alcohol-related problems than their non-student peers."

Kypros Kypri, Ph.D., of the University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia and the University of Otago, New Zealand, and colleagues analyzed results from a 2007 Web-based Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test taken by 7,237 undergraduate university students (ages 17 to 24) in Australia. The test consisted of an online questionnaire covering items such as demographics, drinking in the last year, largest number of drinks consumed on one occasion within the last four weeks, duration of drinking episode, secondhand effects such as being pushed, hit or assaulted, opinions on alcohol beverage labeling, smoking history, height and weight.

Participants who scored in the hazardous/harmful drinking range were placed in either a Web-based intervention group, which received motivational assessments and personalized feedback or a control group, which received no feedback. The personalized motivational interventions included information about reducing the associated health risk, an estimated blood alcohol concentration for the respondent's heaviest episode, monetary expenditure, comparison to other students' drinking and hyperlinks to smoking cessation and help with drinking problems. Follow-ups were conducted one and six months after screening.

In total, 2,435 participants scored in the hazardous/harmful drinking range. Of these, 1,251 were randomized to the Web-based motivational feedback group and 1,184 were to the control group. "After one month, participants receiving intervention drank less often, smaller quantities per occasion and less alcohol overall than did controls," the authors write. "Differences in alcohol-related harms were nonsignificant. At six months, intervention effects persisted for drinking frequency and overall volume but not for other variables."

"Given the scale on which proactive Web-based electronic screening and brief intervention (e-SBI) can be delivered and its acceptability to student drinkers, we can be optimistic that a widespread application of this intervention would produce a benefit in this population group," the authors conclude. "The e-SBI, a program that is available free for nonprofit purposes, could be extended to other settings, including high schools, general practices and hospitals."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Kypros Kypri; Jonathan Hallett; Peter Howat; Alexandra McManus; Bruce Maycock; Steven Bowe; Nicholas J. Horton. Randomized Controlled Trial of Proactive Web-Based Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention for University Students. Arch Intern Med, 2009; 169 (16): 1508-1514 [link]

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Web-based Screening And Intervention May Reduce Drinking In University Students." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 September 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090914172526.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2009, September 17). Web-based Screening And Intervention May Reduce Drinking In University Students. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090914172526.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Web-based Screening And Intervention May Reduce Drinking In University Students." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090914172526.htm (accessed September 23, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) The study found elderly people are much more likely to become susceptible to infection than younger adults going though a similar situation. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Food Addiction Might Be Caused By PTSD

Food Addiction Might Be Caused By PTSD

Newsy (Sep. 18, 2014) New research shows that women who suffer from PTSD are three times more likely to develop a food addiction. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Corporal Punishment on Decline, Debate Renews

Corporal Punishment on Decline, Debate Renews

AP (Sep. 16, 2014) Corporal punishment in the United States is on the decline, but there is renewed debate over its use after Minnesota Vikings running back Adrian Peterson was charged with child abuse. (Sept. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
FDA Eyes Skin Shocks Used at Mass. School

FDA Eyes Skin Shocks Used at Mass. School

AP (Sep. 15, 2014) The FDA is considering whether to ban devices used by the Judge Rotenberg Educational Center in Canton, Massachusetts, the only place in the country known to use electrical skin shocks as aversive conditioning for aggressive patients. (Sept. 15) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins